Archivi autore: Redazione

Intelligenza artificiale e algoritmi: datificazione, politica, epistemologia

Teresa Numerico

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
teresa.numerico@uniroma3.it

 

 
Abstract: The aim of the present paper is to show the evolution of the concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and of the different technical methods that progressively informed and organized this concept. The article presents a view of the evolution of such a notion: 1) with special regards to the social, political and epistemological consequences of the chosen technical solutions, 2) with special attention to the parallel transformation of the human intelligence concept. The recent major successes of AI are based on datification and availability of huge quantity … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 6 | Lascia un commento

L’uomo senza dimensione. Viaggio intorno agli ossimori del “mondo digitale”

Carmelo Albanese

Sapienza Università di Roma
ca.albanese@tiscali.it

 

 
Abstract: One-dimensional man of which Marcuse wrote is the ancestor of the contemporary digital man, who through the progressive loss of critical capacity is no longer anchored even to that single dimension which the author already indicated as the collapse of human rationality. In the seventies of the twentieth century, capitalism sought to overcome the resistance of public opinion in the face of technological productions functional to the war, formulating oxymorons that aspired to become customary terms: the “father of the H-bomb”. In the absurd synthesis of terms attributable … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 6 | Lascia un commento

Intervista a Gerhard Banse su “Tecnica e Tecnologia”

a cura di Roberto Finelli e Pierluigi Marinucci

Gerhard Banse

Berlin Centre Technology & Culture
gerhard.banse@t-online.de

Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

Pierluigi Marinucci

Sapienza Università di Roma
pierluigimarinucci4@gmail.com

 

 
Bionote: Gerhard Banse is President of the Leibniz-Sozietät (Berlin). He was a member of the Karlsrhuer Institut fur Technologie and of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic. He edited the entries Technik e Technologie of the Wörterbuch zu den philosophischen Fragen der Naturwissenschaften (Dietz Verlag, Berlin 1983). He is one of the most prominent researcher about Technology and its polysemous significance. … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 6 | Lascia un commento

The Politics of (Postcolonial) History: The case of Provincializing Europe

Vasant Kaiwar

Duke University
(vkaiwar@duke.edu)

 

 
Abstract: The critique of what is called postcolonial-studies in the Anglophone metropolitan academy that is elaborated in this paper, takes place via a detailed engagement with one of its most important recent texts, Dipesh Chakrabarty’s Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference (2000). It is intended to enable fresh critical thinking about the claims of postcolonial-studies to represent a subversive approach to history, politics, etc. It also engages the claims of postcolonial-studies regarding the limits of Eurocentrism, i.e. the tendency to view world history through the lens of European developments. The … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 6 | Lascia un commento

La “nuda vita” in Aristotele A partire da Giorgio Agamben

Giulia Angelini

Università degli Studi di Padova
giulia.angelini@phd.unipd.it

 

 
Abstract: This paper focuses on the Agambenian interpretation of Aristotle, which arises from the analysis of the relation between “ζωὴ” and “βίος” and of the figure of the slave. The aim of the work is the following: on the one hand, we will follow Agamben and his revision of the Aristotelian thought, which leads him to elaborate the crucial notion of “bare life”; on the other hand, we will verify whether the possibility to trace such a notion back to Aristotle is legitimate.
 
Keywords: Agamben; “Bare … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 6 | Lascia un commento

Dal riconoscimento al socialismo: la teoria della giustizia di Axel Honneth

Francesco Leone

Università degli Studi di Bari
francescoleone1985@libero.it

 

 
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to retrace the philosophical developments of Axel Honneth’s social theory after his rediscovery of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. In Freedom’s Right, Honneth’s original normative theory of society based on recognition leaves room for a normative theory of institutions grounded on the concept of social freedom. Honneth uses the Hegelian methodological procedure of normative reconstruction to develop a theory of justice based on social analysis. The resort of a teleological philosophy of history makes possible the normative reconstruction and justify … Continua a leggere

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Recensione a Marco Maurizi, Quanto lucente la tua inesistenza. L’Ottobre, il Sessantotto e il socialismo che viene (Jacabook 2018)

Domizio Saquella

Università degli Studi di Bologna
domizio.s@hotmail.it

 
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Recensione a Cathy O’Neil, Armi di distruzione matematica (Bompiani, 2017

Andrea Chiantini

Sapienza Università di Roma
andrea.chiantini@live.it

 
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Pubblicato in _NUMERO 6 | Lascia un commento

Recensione a Flavio Luzi, Quodlibet. Il problema della presupposizione nell’ontologia politica di Giorgio Agamben (Stamen, 2017)

Giorgio Astone

Sapienza Università di Roma
giorgio.astone@uniroma1.it

 
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Pubblicato in _NUMERO 6 | Lascia un commento

Consecutio rerum, anno 3, n. 5: Novembre 2018

Marx inattuale

a cura di Riccardo Bellofiore e Carla Maria Fabiani

Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5 | 1 commento

Indice

Introduzione

RICCARDO BELLOFIORE, C’è vita su Marx? Il Capitale nel bicentenario

 

Questioni di metodo

MICHAEL HEINRICH, Rileggendo Marx: nuovi testi e nuove prospettive
 
TOMMASO REDOLFI RIVA, A partire dal sottotitolo del Capitale: Critica e metodo della critica dell’economia politica
 
FRIEDER OTTO WOLF, Systematic Theory Building and Empirico-Historical Argument in Marx’s Capital
 
STEFANO BREDA, La dialettica marxiana come critica immanente dell’empiria
 
ELENA LOUISA LANGE, The Proof is in the Pudding: on the Necessity of Presupposition in Marx’s Critical Method
 
BOB JESSOP, ‘Every beginning is difficult, holds in all sciences’. Marx on the Economic Cell
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C’è vita su Marx? Il Capitale nel bicentenario


Riccardo Bellofiore

Università degli Studi di Bergamo
riccardo.bellofiore@unibg.it

 
 
Abstract: The article suggests a reconstruction of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy as a macro-monetary theory of capitalist production. The first part of what follows will provide a sort of methodological introduction to Das Kapital. I am questioning the meaning of critique versus criticism, the distinction between fetish-character and fetishism, the role of dialectics, and the difference between reading, interpretation and reconstruction. I will focus especially on Volume I. At the centre of the discussion are: the multiple meanings of abstract labour and socialization, the role … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Introduzione, NUMERO 5 | 1 commento

Rileggendo Marx: nuovi testi e nuove prospettive


Michael Heinrich*

Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin
Michael.Heinrich@HTW-Berlin.de

 
 
Permettetemi di iniziare con un’osservazione personale sulla mia lettura de Il capitale. Sono circa 43 anni che leggo Il capitale, e devo dire che non mi sono ancora annoiato. Leggerlo è come compiere un avventuroso viaggio intellettuale, ma per godere appieno di quest’esperienza è richiesto un tipo di impegno diverso da quello a cui ci ha ormai abituato il sistema universitario europeo, per il quale «leggere» significa solamente individuare in maniera grossolana alcune delle tesi principali esposte in un’opera.

Leggere Il capitale significa comprenderne la … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Questioni di metodo | Lascia un commento

A partire dal sottotitolo del Capitale: Critica e metodo della critica dell’economia politica


Tommaso Redolfi Riva*

redolfiriva77@yahoo.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The aim of the paper is to explain the concept of «critique of political economy» (CPE) in Marx’s mature work. Starting from the different meanings CPE assumes, I will try to explain the peculiarities of such a critical project. In particular, I will focus the attention on CPE as a critique of capital as objective-subjective totality: on the one side, as a system of social production whose aim is the valorisation of capital, based on the appropriation of unpaid labour and generating a system of socialisation of production increasingly … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Questioni di metodo | 1 commento

Systematic Theory Building and Empirico-Historical Argument in Marx’s Capital


Frieder Otto Wolf

Freie Universität Berlin
fow@snafu.dex

 
 
Abstract: Marx’s conception of the ideal average provides an approach to a productive re-discussion of Marx’s epistemological practice in Capital. As a specific approach to systematic theory-building underlying Marx’s critique of political economy it opens a way, with the implied distinction between systematic theory building and empirico-historical exemplification and analysis, it makes it possible today to reconstruct Marx’s «materialist dialectics». More specifically it is claimed, that Marx’s insights into the «limits of dialectical presentation» should be interpreted in a way that makes his «dialectics» compatible with modern, post-fregean … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Questioni di metodo | Lascia un commento

La dialettica marxiana come critica immanente dell’empiria


Stefano Breda

Freie Universität Berlin
bredaste@gmail.com

 
 
Abstract: The paper aims to show that a materialist understanding of the method followed by Marx in his critique of political economy requires going beyond both the traditional logical-historical interpretation of dialectics and the logical-systematic interpretation developed within the Neue Marx-Lektüre.
 
Keywords: Marx; dialectics; materialism; Neue Marx-Lektüre; immanent critique
 
 
 
1. Un campo di tensione teorica
 
La questione della specificità del metodo dialettico seguito da Marx nella sua critica dell’economia politica rispetto a una dialettica idealista è stata al centro di accesi dibattiti … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Questioni di metodo | Lascia un commento

The Proof is in the Pudding: on the Necessity of Presupposition in Marx’s Critical Method


Elena Louisa Lange*

University of Zurich
elena.lange@aoi.uzh.ch

 
 
Abstract: Marx’s labour theory of value cannot be understood without the critique of the value theories of classical political economy, especially that of Adam Smith and David Ricardo. It is therefore by necessity inflicted with the presupposition of its own intellectual context. Presupposition however is not only central to the formation of the labour theory of value as «analogous to Newton’s Laws in mechanics» (Duncan Foley) in the realm of social science. Presupposition, a strong Hegelian topos, also basically informs the level of Marx’s critique as the … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Questioni di metodo | Lascia un commento

‘Every beginning is difficult, holds in all sciences’ Marx on the Economic Cell Form of the Capitalist Mode of Production


Bob Jessop*

Lancaster University, UK
b.jessop@lancaster.ac.uk

 
 
Abstract: Marx and Engels followed the natural sciences closely and held that there was only one science: history, embracing nature and society. This contribution notes the influence of Darwinism, thermodynamics and cell biology in Marx’s critique of political economy and examines the least-discussed of these influences: cell biology. For Marx eventually settled on the value-form of the commodity, described as the economic cell form of the capitalist mode of production (CMP), as the starting point for Capital. At stake here is Marx’s deep interest in the natural sciences … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Questioni di metodo | Lascia un commento

Le note del Capitale su Lucrezio e Darwin.


Vittorio Morfino

Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca
vittorio.morfino@unimib.it

 
Abstract: The article takes into consideration the notes of the Capital in which Lucretius and Darwin are quoted. The author, carefully reconstructing the theoretical context in which the Latin poet and the English naturalist are mentioned, proposes an interpretation, which goes from the certain to the conjectural, of the Marxian strategy that commands these notes.
 
Keywords: Lucretius; Darwin; Spinoza; mechanicism; organicism
 
 
 
Proporrò nel breve spazio di questo articolo un’analisi del riferimento marxiano a Lucrezio e Darwin nel primo volume del Capitale. Si … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Questioni di metodo | Lascia un commento

Abstract Labour and Labouring


Werner Bonefeld*

University of York, UK
werner.bonefeld@york.ac.uk

 
 
Abstract: The paper argues that the critique of political economy amounts to a comprehension of economic categories from the actual, given relations of life, which is critique of economic things as perverted social forms. In this context, the comprehension of abstract labour is specific. Instead of conceiving of it as a capitalist modality of labour in general, it expounds abstract labour as purely social in character. Abstract labour is the value producing labour because it is the socially necessary labour, which is a real abstraction. The time of … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

Il Capitale e il suo punto cieco: il denaro come tecnica di misura


Frank Engster*

frankengster@googlemail.com

 
 
 
Abstract: In the 1960s, a logical-categorial reading of Marx’s Capital began, especially with focus on the value-form analysis, from which the so-called «New Marx Reading» in Germany was one of the outcomes. These readings on the one hand found, with the necessity of synthesizing the theory of value with that of money, the key to opening up the further development of the capitalist mode of production. On the other hand, they stayed fixed on money’s second function as a medium of exchange and on money-mediated commodity exchange, remaining trapped … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

‘La bestia è l’azienda, non il fatto che abbia un padrone’. Commento al quinto capitolo del Capitale


Massimiliano Tomba*

Università di Padova
massimiliano.tomba@unipd.it

 
 
Abstract: The first chapter of the third section of Capital, Volume 1, constitutes in many ways an Archimedean point of the entire work. In this chapter the many theoretical questions investigated in the first section are reconfigured from the perspective of the labor-process and valorization-process, acquiring a new political color. In my reconstruction, by putting the use-value at the center, I explore the diverse theoretical layers of this chapter in light of their political implication.
 
Keywords: value; use value; commodity; socially necessary work; corporeity; production; circulation… Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | 1 commento

La giornata lavorativa


Maria Grazia Meriggi

Università degli Studi di Bergamo
mgmeriggi@fastwebnet.it

 
 
 
Abstract: Marx found the comparison among the slaves owner, the feudal lord and the capitalist owner, to show their voracity of time of life of the workers. The limitation of the working day is possible only with a double trial: contractual strength of the organized workers and productivity of the worked time.
 
Keywords: plus value; strength’s relationships; productivity
 
 
 
Parlerò da storica soprattutto e quindi cercando di dare conto della pertinenza delle analogie ed esemplificazioni storiche che Marx fornisce intorno al tema … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

La scoperta del plusvalore relativo


Maria Turchetto

Università Ca’ Foscari
turco@unive.it

 
 
 
Abstract: We analyze the Chapter 10 of Capital’s Volume I «The Concept of Relative Surplus-value» highlighting come important concepts: 1) the industrial and mass character of production as consequences of the relative surplus-value; 2) extra-profits and dissemination of innovations; 3) the combined operation of absolute and relative surplus-value.
 
Keywords: Marx; Capital chapter 10; relative surplus-value; industry; mass production
 
 
 

«il capitalismo non produce calze per regine».
(Schumpeter 1971)

 
 
 
1. Tra la terza e la quarta sezione
 
Il cap. 10 del Libro I … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

Dall’anima semovente al ‘soggetto automatico’. Stratificazioni filosofiche nel concetto di ‘capitale’ e nell’analisi marxiana del sistema di macchine


Luca Micaloni

Università La Sapienza
luca.micaloni@uniroma1.it

 
 
 
Abstract: In this paper the Author examines the philosophical implications of the Marxian analysis of the «automatic system of machinery». In the first part, he shows that the notion of «automaton» cannot be univocally assimilated to a passive and heteronomous kind of movement. In fact, it displays (both etymologically and conceptually) an affinity with the notion of «self-motion»: an «automaton» is something that finds within itself the sources and the principles of its movement. In the second part, the Author argues that Marx’s definition of «capital» as «automatic Subject» … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

Tempo di lavoro e salario


Carla Filosa

Università popolare Antonio Gramsci
asolif@tiscali.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The aim of this article is to clarify the meaning of «wage» and «labour-power» concepts, according to Marxian analysis. The feature of the labour-process as human action aimed at the production of use-values is first highlighted. It is the everlasting nature-imposed condition of human existence. Indeed, the process of creating surplus value is nothing but the continuation of the boundless producing value process. Thus, the prolongation of the working-day beyonds the limits of the natural day – encroaching on all life’s time – has mainly the purpose … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

Una storia complessa. La teoria dell’accumulazione in Marx


Roberto Fineschi

Siena School for Liberal Arts
r.fineschi@sienaschool.com

 
 
 
Abstract: «Accumulation» is a crucial concept in Marx’ theory of capital. Next only to the value form, this is the part that underwent the most significant changes in the different drafts of his work, since it plays a crucial role in its general structure. Its function, more than the transformation of values into prices of production, is the key point to think the continuity/discontinuity between the different abstraction levels of the theory. In this essay, we shall try to show this development and explain its more general … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

La teoria marxiana dell’esercito industriale di riserva come teoria della politica economica


Guglielmo Forges Davanzati*

Università del Salento
guglielmo.forges@unisalento.it

 
 
Abstract: This paper deals with the relation between labour market deregulation and the path of employment in Italy, based on Marx’s theory of the industrial reserve army. It will be shown that the increase in labour flexibility negatively affected the employment rate in the 2000s. Moreover, it is argued that as unemployment increases, workers’ bargaining power decreases not only in the labour market but also in the political arena, allowing the Government to implement further policies of labour flexibility. The evidence confirms this conjecture.
 
Keywords: Marx; … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento