Archivi autore: Redazione

Platon. L’amitié civique et les deux formes du communisme


Arnaud Macé

Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté

amace@univ-fcomte.fr

 
 
 
Abstract: Plato describes the constitution of the Republic as faithful to the saying according to which « among friends, everything is common » and he also calls friends the citizens of the Laws. The present paper suggests that the nature of the community implied in the idea of political friendship in Plato is manifold and that it should be understood in the light of the two forms of the common known in Archaic and Classical greek thought: the exclusive common, i.e. a common ressource to be set … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Le tre amicizie di Aristotele


Diego Zucca

Università di Sassari
dizucca@uniss.it

 
 
 
Abstract: In this paper I present and discuss the Aristotelian theory of friendship. I mainly focus on the philosophical core of the theory, especially on the idea that there are three types of friendship (one based on the good, one based on the useful, one based on the pleasant). In presenting and discussing the theory: a) I concentrate on Aristotle’s method of inquiry, namely, on his attempt to do justice of phainomena (such as common behaviours, shared and notable opinions, ordinary intuitions, linguistic ascriptive practices) through a rational … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Amicizia e filosofia in Epicuro


Aldo Brancacci

Università di Roma Tor Vergata

aldobrancacci@yahoo.it

 
 
 
Abstract: According to Epicurus, natural and necessary pleasures – the only ones that Epicurus admits – are those that look to happiness (eudaimonia), physical well-being (aokhlesia), and life itself. The desire for philosophy is the natural and necessary desire which looks to happiness. Philosophy, insofar as it frees us from ambitions, from the desire for power, for wealth, for fame, changes human beings and creates a “new man”, so to speak. This great transformation makes it possibile to establish this entirely different kind … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

L’amitié dans la pensée du millénaire médiéval: tableaux d’une exposition


Bénédicte Sère

Université de Paris Nanterre

benedicte.sere@sfr.fr

 
 
 
Abstract: Friendship – as represented by emotions and affects – is the essential relationship on which mediaeval society is based, and the concept of friendship is ubiquitous in Medieval Thought. During the Middle Ages – which lasted for a thousand years – friendship always played a fundamental role in shaping social and political relations. This is the reason why medieval philosophers as well as princes and politicians – men of science as well as men of power – all showed a genuine interest in describing friendship’s features. A … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

L’amicizia nel Principe


Annalisa Ceron

Università degli studi di Milano (Dipartimento di Filosofia)

annalisa.ceron@unimi.it

 
 
 
Abstract: This article sheds light on Machiavelli’s view of friendship as a political relationship. As the comparison between Platina’s De Principe and Machiavelli’s The Prince makes clear, the political anthropology, the political ontology and the vision of the world on which Machiavelli realistic idea of politics hinges imply that neither the relationship between a prince and his subjects nor that between the prince and his chosen advisers can be conceived as a form of friendship. What is at stake is not only a new … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

L’amicizia in Montaigne: autonomia, mescolamento, confraternita


Raffaele Carbone

Università di Napoli Federico II

raffaele.carbone@unina.it

 
 
 
Abstract: In this article, I put forward a particular reading of the chapter “De l’amitié” from Montaigne’s Essais, which also draws upon other chapters with which it can be compared. Having dealt with the well-known question of the relationship between Montaigne and La Boétie, I go on to highlight those aspects which characterize the Montaignian model of perfect friendship compared with the paradigms of the ancient world, particularly that of Aristotle. I draw particular attention to the features of autonomy (as opposed to “heteronomous” friendships, the purpose … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Spinoza: amicizia e concordia. Corrispondenze senecane e specificità politiche


Marta Libertà De Bastiani

Università Roma Tre / ENS Lyon

martalibertadebastiani@gmail.com

 
 
 
Abstract: This paper examines the multi-faceted nature of friendship, conceived by Spinoza as a linking concept between reason and passions, as well as a linking concept between individual behavior and politics. If friendship indicates a certain form of agreement between human beings, its precise features and outcomes vary to a large extent. In fact, friendship may be a rational and natural agreement which takes place between people who live according to reason and which resembles Seneca’s conception of true friendship, … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Leibniz: note sull’amicizia


Mariannina Failla

Università Roma Tre

mariannina.failla@uniroma3.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The article aims to describe the several meanings of friendship by Leibniz; starting from the convinction that the person is the root of friendship, Leibniz distinguishes between person and “brutus” while  laying the foundations for an interesting philosophy of mind.  Cognition (vision of universal), will and memory  continuously interact in that frame. Friendship also leads to a specific political vision of civil society, based on relations of reciprocity (legal category of equity). The legal meaning and moral aspects of friendship  emerge  from the analysis of the three types … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

L’amitié selon Rousseau, de l’expérience douloureuse au projet politique


Géraldine Lepan

Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès / IHRIM (Cerphi)

geraldine.lepan@orange.fr

 
 
 
Abstract: This article aims at shedding light on Rousseau’s twofold conception of friendship, as a singular and «true» relation on the one hand, and as civic friendship on the other hand. As regards the first point, the paper analyzes Rousseau’s frequent comparison between love and friendship, as well as the preeminence he assigns tot he latter. often compares love with friendship and gives prominence in this last. Friendship is a product of our natural impulses. The ideal represented by friendship also allows to measure truth … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Hegel e l’amicizia: presenza/assenza di un concetto


Sabina Tortorella

Université Paris II – Panthéon Assas
sabina.tortorella@gmail.com

 
 
 
Abstract: The article starts by noticing that the topic of friendship is never directly discussed in the main Hegelian works and aims at identifying the reasons for the lack of consideration for this topic. Claiming that Hegel cannot be conceived as a philosopher of friendship necessarily involves asking ourselves about the very meaning of this notion, through a previous survey of the ways in which it was depicted by Hegel’s contemporaries. Within an interpretation that opposes the modern concept of friendship to Aristotelian philia, the essay … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Sulla recezione italiana della teoria critica di Rahel Jaeggi


Marco Solinas

Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna Pisa

marco.solinas@santannapisa.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The paper aims at introducing some fundamental features of the Italian reception of Rahel Jaeggi’s Critical Theory, moving from the present discussion of the collection of essays entitled Forme di vita e capitalismo edited by M. Solinas. The attention is focused in particular on Jaeggi’s peculiar actualization of the Left Hegelianism tradition on two main fields: 1) the critique of capitalism as a form of life; 2) the priority given to ethical life (Sittlichkeit) and the related adoption of the method of immanent critique.
 
Keywords: … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Una discussione a più voci. Rahel Jaeggi, "Forme di vita e capitalismo" (Torino 2016). Forum a cura di M. Solinas | 1 commento

Rahel Jaeggi: La Sozialphilosophie come programma di ricerca


Sergio Caruso

Università degli studi di Firenze (Dipartimento di Scienze Politico e Sociali)

sergio.caruso@unifi.it

 
 
 
Abstract: A number of issues in Rahel Jaeggi’s thought are here reviewed and discussed: most of them with much appreciation, some critically. Highly appreciable are: her attempt to clearly redefine a key-concept borrowed from Habermas such as «form of life», and to re-build social criticism upon it; a creative relationship to Hegel, entailing (a) the partial recuperation of «dialectical contradictions» as contradictions between norms, (b) a partial recuperation of Hegel’s Objektiver Geist redefined in terms of collective intelligence engaged in problem … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Una discussione a più voci. Rahel Jaeggi, "Forme di vita e capitalismo" (Torino 2016). Forum a cura di M. Solinas | Lascia un commento

I problemi irrisolti della negazione determinata. Rahel Jaeggi fra contestualità e trascendenza


Lucio Cortella

Università Ca’ Foscari – Venezia

cortella@unive.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The paper aims to provide an analysis of Rahel Jaeggi’s theory from the standpoint of the Hegelian-turn in the most recent developments of critical theory. It analyzes the transition from Jürgen Habermas’ Kantian normativism to the Hegelianism of Axel Honneth and Rahel Jaeggi. It also deals with a narrower question, concerning Jaeggi’s account of “immanent critique” and the relevance to it of Hegel’s “determinate negation”.
 
Keywords: critical theory; determinate negation; dialectics; ethical life; forms of life
 
 
 
Il proposito esplicito che attraversa … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Una discussione a più voci. Rahel Jaeggi, "Forme di vita e capitalismo" (Torino 2016). Forum a cura di M. Solinas | Lascia un commento

Domenico Losurdo, “Il Marxismo occidentale. Come nacque, come morì, come può rinascere” (Laterza, Bari-Roma 2017)


Oscar Oddi

 

Recensione de “Il Marxismo occidentale. Come nacque, come morì, come può rinascere” di D. Losurdo (Laterza, Bari-Roma 2017).

 
 
Tra i molti aspetti che caratterizzano lo scacco storico in cui si trova oggi il pensiero e la prassi di emancipazione degli oppressi, a cominciare da quello di ispirazione marxista, spicca, come sua manifestazione da un lato, e causa dall’altro, l’abbandono di ogni analisi e riflessione, e dunque delle sedi ad esse preposte, sui fondamenti del corpus teorico-strategico che ha sostenuto il processo di liberazione di milioni di uomini e donne nel corso almeno degli ultimi … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 3, Recensioni | Lascia un commento

A. Voltolin “Critica della mente innocua: gruppo e legame sociale in Bion”, Quaderni di teoria critica della società, vol.3, Mimesis 2017


Emanuele Tarasconi

Università degli studi di Milano-Bicocca

e.tarasconi@campus.unimib.it

 
 

Recensione di “Critica della mente innocua: gruppo e legame sociale in Bion” di A. Voltolin (Quaderni di Teoria Critica della Società, Vol.3, Mimesis, Milano 2017)


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. La psicologia individuale e la psicologia collettiva
 

«La sociologia, che tratta del comportamento umano nella società, non può essere altro che psicologia applicata. A rigor di termini vi sono solo due scienze: la psicologia, pura o applicata, e la scienza naturale». Questa è la tesi avanzata nel testo di Sigmund Freud Introduzione alla psicoanalisi (1917). … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 3, Recensioni | Lascia un commento

Consecutio rerum, Anno 1, n. 2: Aprile 2017


 
 

Declinazioni del nulla
Non-essere e negazione tra ontologia e politica

(a cura di Miriam Aiello, Luca Micaloni, Giacomo Rughetti)

 
ALBERSContinua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Copertina | Lascia un commento

Editoriale. Una polifonia ‘negativa’

Miriam Aiello

(Università degli studi Roma Tre)
miriam.aiello@uniroma3.it

 
 
MIRO

“Chinati, ti devo sussurrare all’orecchio qualcosa:
per tutto io sono grato, per un osso
di pollo come per lo stridio delle forbici che già un vuoto
ritagliano per me, perché quel vuoto è Tuo.
Non importa se è nero. E non importa
se in esso non c’è mano, e non c’è viso, né il suo ovale.
La cosa quanto più è invisibile, tanto più è certo
che sulla terra è esistita una volta,
e quindi tanto più essa è dovunque”
I. Brodskij
«Elegie romane»

 
 
‘Non essere’ e … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Editoriale | Lascia un commento

Il nulla e la nascita filosofica dell’Europa

Franca D’Agostini

(Università di Milano)
franca.dagostini@unimi.it

 
 
coypel europa
Abstract: In this contribution, I illustrate the reasons for which Fredegisus of Tours’ Epistula de nihilo et tenebris not only plays a prominent role in the history of philosophy, but also represents an invaluable tool to address contemporary philosophical inquiries into the status and the nature of ‘nothing’. Firstly, I analyse the logical and theoretical main arguments and characteristics of the Epistula; secondly, I illustrate the problem of the conceivability of nothingness in the light of contemporary discussions. In conclusion, I argue that a re-appraisal of the link between … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Figure e significati del nulla nel pensiero di Heidegger

Roberto Morani

(Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale)
roberto.morani@uniupo.it

 
 
KLEIN1
Abstract: The essay explores and outlines the forms and meanings of nothingness in Martin Heidegger’s thought. The first form of nothingness is represented by the «existential nothingness», that characterizes Being and Time (1927). The second form of nothingness is the «differential nothing», developed in the Beiträge zur Philosophie. These two conceptions represent the essential moments of the evolution of the concept of nothingness in Heidegger, a concept that escapes the traditional identification with the dimensions of deprivation and lack. While the existential nothingness shows a subjectivist … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Il negativo in questione. Una lettura di Adorno

Angelo Cicatello

(Università degli Studi di Palermo)
angelo.cicatello@unipa.it

 
 
Pollock
 Abstract: Adorno’s critique of Hegel goes beyond the terms of a facile opposition between a positive and reconciled formula of dialectics and a negative version that insists on unresolved conflict. It should not be simplistically placed under the sign of the reiteration of the negative. On the contrary, one could say that what is damaged by Adorno’s philosophical proposal is precisely the negative in a radical sense affecting the fate of dialectics tout court. This is because the deeper meaning of Adorno’s reference to the non-identical appears, … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

«In nihilum decidere». “Negatività” della creatura e nichilismo del peccato in Tommaso d’Aquino

Massimiliano Lenzi

(Sapienza, Università di Roma)
massimiliano.lenzi@uniroma1.it

 
 
Robert A Heremit1
Abstract: Thomas Aquinas was a major representative of a new ontological idea of nature, which was shaped in accordance with Christian theological notions in the context of medieval Aristotelianism. The crucial assumption of this idea was the concept of creation, which determined a radical rethinking of the autonomy that featured order and finality of the Aristotelian physis. Conceived of as a creature, that is, made from nothing in order to be an instrument of the Providence, nature was rooted in and contained by the divine power, upon which … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Osservazioni sulla «tavola del nulla» di Kant

Claude Romano

(Université Paris-Sorbonne – Paris IV)
clromano@wanadoo.fr

 
 
KLINE1
Abstract: The «table of nothing» occupies a prominent role within the Critique of Pure Reason, since it is there that Kant brings into play the very meaning of transcendental philosophy. However, even though the Kantian conception of nothing marks the peculiarity of critical philosophy, the vocabulary that expresses it inexorably invokes the tradition in which Kant works. The text, in fact, unveils its deep bond to Baumgarten’s Metaphysica, to Wolff, as well as to Medieval Scholastics. Such a bond marks Kantian philosophy in a twofold way: it … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Metafisiche del nulla: Schopenhauer, i suoi discepoli e l’inconsistenza del mondo

Fabio Ciracì

(Università del Salento)
fabio.ciraci@unisalento.it

 
 
Friedriche A walk at dusk
Abstract: Schopenhauer’s metaphysics leads to a double nullity of the world: as a phenomenon, d.i. fleeting appearances, and as noumenon, because the Wille has to be redeemed by Nichtsein. Schopenhauer’s disciples (Hartmann, Bahnsen and Mäinlander) will give the Nichtsein an absolute ontological value, as a principle of redemption or metaphysical essence of reality.
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Nichtsein; Nichts; Hartmann; Mainländer; Bahnsen.
 
 

  1. Dal Kant verso il nichilismo idealistico

Esiste ormai una nutrita letteratura critica circa la natura teoretica che Schopenhauer attribuirebbe al … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Volontà del nulla e volontà di verità. Una riflessione sul realismo di Nietzsche

Pietro Gori

(IFILNOVA, Universidade Nova de Lisboa)
pgori@fcsh.unl.pt

 
 
Vernet a storm
Abstract: The paper explores the few occurrences of the expression «will to nothingness» (Wille zum Nichts) in Nietzsche’s writings, and its relationship with the notions of  ‘will to truth’ and ‘ascetic ideal’. Aim of this research is to show that these notions are mutually related, and that they outline the objectives of Nietzsche’s late thought. The investigation will focus in particular on the concept of “realism” that appears in Nietzsche’s late writings, and that can be interpreted as an existential attitude towards life that contrasts pessimistic … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Equivocità del nulla in Karl Jaspers

Roberto Garaventa

(Università di Chieti-Pescara)
r.garaventa@unich.it

 
 
nietzsche
Abstract: This paper analyses the various meanings the word ‘nothing’ assumes in the work of Karl Jaspers: the nothing of nihilism, that is the absence of a horizon of meaning able to give substance to life and activity of man; the nothing of death, which arouses horror and resistance in the concrete individual; the objective nothing, which is unthinkable by man like the simple being; and the nothing of the authentic, transcendent being, which unfolds itself to man in borderline situations and offers him the freedom to exist in an … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

How to Account for Nothing(ness)

Marco Simionato

(Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia)
marco.simionato@hotmail.com

 
 
Artaud mosaique cirque
Abstract: Graham Priest, Alex Oliver with Timothy Smiley, and Alberto Voltolini have proposed respectively three different accounts of the phrase ‘nothing’, by arguing that there are sentences where it cannot be reduced to a negative quantifier phrase. In this paper I show that a more preferable account of nothing(ness) is given by the notion of an absolutely empty possible world (i.e. a world that represents no objects at all), rather than Priest or Oliver-Smiley’s accounts, since the use of the empty world allows us to avoid some disadvantages that … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Agamben e la nozione aristotelica di «potenza»

Simone G. Seminara

(Universidade de São Paulo -USP)
simoneseminara@hotmail.it

 
 
Magnasco bacchanale
Abstract: Aristotle’s philosophy plays a preeminent role in Giorgio Agamben’s thought. It might be said that the whole enquiry on the nexus between metaphysics and politics that Agamben develops in Homo Sacer is grounded on a critical analysis of the Aristotelian concept of dynamis (potentiality). While in Sovereign power and bare life the relation between constituent and constituted power is said to depend on the way by which one reads the existence and the autonomy of potentiality, in The use of bodies the concept of use is … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento

Lukács, Heidegger and Reification

Tom Rockmore

(Peking University)
rockmore@duq.edu

 
 
VETTRIANO
Abstract: Sometimes very different positions overlap in unsuspected but significant ways. Lukács and Heidegger are important, but dissimilar twentieth century thinkers. Lukács is a Hegelian Marxist, and Heidegger is a post-Husserlian phenomenologist. They share a superficial similarity in their respective predilections for political dictatorship, Lukács for Stalin and Heidegger for Hitler. Yet there is a deeper link since, as Lucien Goldmann pointed out a half century ago, Heidegger’s phenomenological ontology is apparently intended as a response to Lukács’ Hegelian Marxist conception of reification (see Goldmann 1982). This paper will explore this … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 2, Monografica | Lascia un commento