Consecutio rerum, anno V, n. 9

Démocratie et néolibéralisme

A cura di Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger e Carolina Verlengia

 

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Indice

Introduzione

NATHANAËL COLIN-JAEGER et CAROLINA VERLENGIA, Les définitions néolibérales de la démocratie, entre critique et recatégorisation

Monografica

ODILE TOURNEUX, Deux conceptions néolibérales de la souveraineté et de la démocratie: aux origines de la gouvernance européenne
ARNAUD MILANESE, Les sources lippmanniennes du problème néolibéral de la démocratie: la démocratie “reconstruite” de 34
ETIENNE WIEDEMANN, La réalisation optimale de l’idéal démocratique par l’extension du marché selon Milton Friedman
NATHANAËL COLIN-JAEGER,, L’idéal démocratique contre la démocratie. Buchanan et l’économie politique constitutionnelle
THIBAUT RIOUFREYT, Destituer les citoyens, contraindre les individus. Le néo-libéralisme contre la démocratie
STEPHEN W. SAWYER, From Histories of Liberalism
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Introduzione. Les définitions néolibérales de la démocratie, entre critique et recatégorisation

Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger et Carolina Verlengia

 

 

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Deux conceptions néoliberales de la souveraineté et de la démocratie: aux origines de la gouvernance europeenne

Odile Tourneux

 

ENS Lyon, TRIANGLE 5206

odile.tourneux@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: Neoliberal theories and European institutions have several things in common, including being regularly criticized for their lack of appreciation for democracy. The promotion of the motive of neoliberal governance to the rank of political principle would be done in opposition to the republican model of the general will. However, it seems to us that European public policies, and the theories on which they are based, are not so much based on a negation of democracy as on a deep redefinition of the republican model of popular Continua a leggere

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Les sources lippmanniennes du probléme néolibéral de la démocratie: la démocratie “reconstruite“ de ’34

Arnaud Milanese

 

ENS de Lyon, TRIANGLE UMR 5206

arnaud.milanese@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: In the abundant literature on Lippmann’s neoliberalism in 1937, several studies have already examined the democratic model of The Good Society. The literature is even more abundant on the conception of democracy that arises from the Dewey-Lippmann Debate. But surprisingly, few studies look at the relation between both, and at the importance of The Method of Freedom (1934) to understand it. Written in the early years of the New Deal, this text nevertheless offers an accurate view of the long-term Lippmannian thoughts on Continua a leggere

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La réalisation optimale de l’idéal démocratique par l’extension du marché selon Milton Friedman

Etienne Wiedemann

 

ENS de Lyon

etienne.wiedemann@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: In Capitalism and Freedom, Milton Friedman seeks to establish that free market can be thought of as the best possible device to realize the idea of democracy for it allows all individuals to directly decide of their own existence. In order to reach such a conclusion Friedman reduces first the idea of democracy to an ideal of maximum extension of individual freedom. This reduction is based on a strong individualism and on the idea that there is an irreducible diversity of individual preferences. These same elements Continua a leggere

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L’idéal démocratique contre la démocratie. Buchanan et l’économie politique constitutionnelle

Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger

 

ENS  de Lyon, TRIANGLE UMR 5206, et Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy

nathanael.colin@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

 

Abstract: Neoliberals are often accused of being anti-democratic theorists. Buchanan, among them, has been particularly targeted as one of the instigators of anti-democratic movements in the United-States. This article shows, through the specific example of Buchanan, how this narrative leads to a misinterpretation of the relationship between neoliberal theorists and democracy. Far from simply criticizing democracy as a tyranny of the majority or as leading to situations of negative cooperation, Buchanan proposed a new Continua a leggere

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Destituer les citoyens, contraindre les individus

Thibaut Rioufreyt

 

Maître de conférences en science politique, Université Lyon 2/Laboratoire Triangle UMR 5206

thibaut@rioufreyt.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: This article proposes to question the relationship between neoliberalism and democracy from three angles. Neo-liberalism is an anti-democratic project in that it aims to restrict the principle and scope of popular sovereignty so that it does not call into question the spontaneous order of the market. Moreover, neoliberal hegemony reaches the very conditions of possibility of democracy by making the constitution of a demos much more complicated. Neoliberalism constitutes in fact a regime of subjectivation, producing a neoliberal Continua a leggere

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From Histories of Liberalism to a History of the Demos: Toward a Democratic Critique of Neoliberalism

Stephen W. Sawyer

 

The American University of Paris

ssawyer@aup.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: This article proposes to question the relationship between neoliberalism and democracy from three angles. Neo-liberalism is an anti-democratic project in that it aims to restrict the principle and scope of popular sovereignty so that it does not call into question the spontaneous order of the market. Moreover, neoliberal hegemony reaches the very conditions of possibility of democracy by making the constitution of a demos much more complicated. Neoliberalism constitutes in fact a regime of subjectivation, producing a neoliberal subject in tension with the figure Continua a leggere

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Entretien avec Christian Laval: Les métamorphoses du néolibéralisme. Retour sur une recherche

Questions et propos recueillis par Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger et Carolina Verlengia

 

 

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L’arte come la scienza intuitiva. Attività, essenza, eternità fra Spinoza e Proust

Sofia Sandreschi

 

Università degli Studi Roma Tre

 

 

Abstract: This article aims at analysing together Spinoza’s third kind of knowledge and Proust’s art conception. Both intuitive science and art outline an existence characterised by full activity. Imagination has a fundamental role: in Spinoza, it links the affections following the order established by the intellect thanks to the adequate ideas it possesses; in Proust, it is imagination itself that, within the arts, presents the impressions to intelligence. Both intuitive science and art lead to the knowledge of essences: in order to deepen the meaning of Spinoza’s sub specie Continua a leggere

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H. Bergson, Storia dell’idea di tempo a cura di S. Guidi (Mimesis, Milano-Udine 2019)

Gabriele Vissio

 

 

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Consecutio rerum, anno IV, n. 8

«People have the power»

Forza, limiti e contraddizioni di un concetto moderno

a cura di Stefano Visentin

 

      George Segal… Continua a leggere

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Editoriale

Stefano Visentin

 

 

 … Continua a leggere

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Politicizzare il popolo. Semantiche del soggetto collettivo in Germania tra il 1848 e il nazionalsocialismo

Maurizio Ricciardi

 

Università di Bologna

maurizio.ricciardi@unibo.it

 

 

 

Abstract: The essay analyses three specific ways in which the “people” is politicized in relation to the emergence of capitalist society, of its conflicts and divisions. The semantics of the collective subject is thus determined by its constant opposition to that of society. The first politicization is the one highlighted by the Hegelian left, particularly, by Arnold Ruge and Edgar Bauer. According to them, the “democratic people” is both an end in view and an alternative to the empiric people, and reproduces the distinction between the social and the … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Figure del popolo tra XIX e XX secolo, NUMERO 8 | Lascia un commento

Il popolo in Marx 
(dal giovane Marx al 18 Brumaio di Luigi Bonaparte)

 

Javier Balsa

 

Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina

jjbalsa@unq.edu.ar

 

 

 

Abstract: This article analyzes the use of the concept of “people” during Karl Marx’s first decade of intellectual work. In his first writings, it was a main concept. However, the signifier “people” quickly lost presence and practically disappeared in the texts of the second half of the 1840s. In the works dedicated to the French conjuncture from 1848 to 1851, Marx made a direct criticism of the use of the concept of “people” because it veils the perception of the class struggle. However, a careful … Continua a leggere

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“Sotto la vernice lucente delle civiltà moderne” “Razza”, “popolo” e “folla” nella psicologia collettiva di Gustave Le Bon: appunti di rilettura

Damiano Palano

 

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Milano

damiano.palano@unicatt.it

 

 

 

Abstract: This article offers a new reading of Gustave Le Bon’s thought, in particular regarding his conceptions of “crowd”, “race” and “people”. This paper tries to show the inconsistencies in the vision of the “crowd” proposed by Le Bon’s in his books Lois psychologiques de l’évolution des peuples (1894) and Psychologie des foules (1895). In fact, until 1894 Le Bon excluded that it was possible to arrest the process of degeneration of Latin races, and moreover he used the words “crowd”, “people” and “race” as … Continua a leggere

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Democrazia diretta e controllo del mercato? Un’antinomia del primo populismo americano

Patricia Chiantera

 

Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro

patricia.chiantera@uniba.it

 

 

 

Abstract: Not only different and opposite issues and demands build the complex ideological constellation of the first American Populism (People’s Party) but also a plurality and variety of political and social forces represent the main agents of the populist protest movements between the nineteenth and twentieth century in America. One of the main contradictions emerging from the political debate led by American populist leaders at the time is the one between the claim for a stronger role of the central government and the implementation of … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Figure del popolo tra XIX e XX secolo, NUMERO 8 | Lascia un commento

“Un popolo innumerevole”. Frantz Fanon e l’invenzione di una nazione

Stefano Visentin

 

Università di Urbino “Carlo Bo”

stefano.visentin@uniurb.it 

 

 

 

 

Abstract: The entire work of Frantz Fanon is traversed by a theoretical and political critique of the method of the humanities and social sciences, accused of legitimizing European colonial rule. The struggle for the liberation of colonized peoples is thus intertwined with the construction of a new political conceptuality, based on the “direct protagonism” of the damned of the earth. Through the material and symbolic-linguistic mobilization generated by the struggle, the people take on the task of “inventing” a nation through built on new collective behaviors … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Figure del popolo tra XIX e XX secolo, NUMERO 8 | Lascia un commento

A Just People, or Just the People? Althusser, Foucault and Juridical Ideology

Alberto Toscano

 

Goldsmiths University of London

a.toscano@gold.ac.uk

 

 

 

 

Abstract:The return of the figure of the people to the forefront of radical theorising in France can be contextualised and complicated by contrasting it with the relative hostility or indifference to it in the ambit of la pensée soixante-huit. For a spell, the people was largely displaced by collective formations that sought to escape the nation-state cage of political modernity, not just antagonistic conceptions of class, but all kinds of groups, movements, multiplicities, minorities, etc. This essay probes two theoretical episodes that can contribute to … Continua a leggere

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Popolo, domande sociali e istituzioni populiste. Populismo in e oltre Laclau

Rocco Picciotto Maniscalco

 

Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

rocco.picciotto.maniscalco@gmail.com

 

 

                     George Segal

 

 

Abstract: The main objective of this essay is to critically analyze part of the thought of Ernesto Laclau, one of the most important South American intellectuals of the last decades, especially referring to one of his most important works: On Populist Reason. The text will be divided into 3 parts: in the first one, I will briefly introduce the thought of the Argentine philosopher, highlighting the most problematic parts and less consistent with the theoretical framework of Laclau himself. … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 8, Presenza e assenza del popolo nel dibattito politico contemporaneo | Lascia un commento

Dal popolo ai suoi soggetti: cittadini, denizens, lavoratori nell’epoca neoliberista

Giorgio Cesarale

 

Università degli Studi di Venezia Ca’ Foscari

giorgio.cesarale@unive.it

 

 

 

Abstract: Is neoliberalism a threat to citizenship? This question is answered with the help of Bryan S. Turner’s analysis of the contemporary obsolescence of citizenship in a market-driven society. According to him, the neoliberal citizen has become similar to the denizen, because the former now enjoys less rights; his/her ethical belonging to the State and the people has been weakened; he/she does not participate in political opinion- and will-formation. The argument of this article, though, is that citizenship itself must be re-examined, re-framing it as … Continua a leggere

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Da Olympe de Gouges alla Rojava. La critica femminista del popolo tra differenza e uguaglianza

Roberta Ferrari

 

Università degli Studi di Bologna

roberta.ferrari6@unibo.it

 

 

 

Abstract: To understand the feminist critique of the concept of people means reconstructing the semantics of a struggle on the body of the nation, exploring the relationship, the paradoxes and the contradictions between equality and difference. It means showing the external and internal struggle waged constantly against the political neutralization and the social valorization of the difference by political, social and economic institutions. Above all it means questioning the problem of political unity and the way in which the feminist critique has unveiled its patriarchal character. … Continua a leggere

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I popoli mancati del momento populista e le sfide dell’eterogeneità

Adalgiso Amendola

 

Università degli Studi di Salerno

adaamendola@unisal.it

 

 

 

 

Abstract: According to many interpreters, since 2015 we live a “populist moment”. With “populist moment”, they intend to bring very different movements to a common matrix, the reaction to neoliberalism. In a “populist moment”, it would be inevitable, also for progressive and emancipatory movements, express their social demands in populist language. But, on one hand, populist movements are internal responses in the crisis of neoliberalism, more that an opposition to neoliberalism. On the other hand, populism cannot resume heterogeneity and multiplicity of emerging political subjectivies into the … Continua a leggere

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Aldo Natoli. Storia di un comunista senza partito

Oscar Oddi

 

 

      Comizio di Giancarlo Pajetta e Aldo Natoli dopo l’attentato a Togliatti. Luglio 1948

 … Continua a leggere

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Una critica del capitale messa in versi. La poesia civile di Cristina Corradi. Recensione a Cristina Corradi, “Destini Capitali” (Ensemble 2020)

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Roberto Finelli

 

Università degli Studi di Roma Tre

r.finelli@uniroma3.it

 

 

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R. Jaeggi, R. Celikates, Filosofia sociale. Una introduzione (Le Monnier, 2018)

Mattia Di Pierro

 

 

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Francesco Toto, Laetitia Simonetta et Giorgio Bottini (dir.), Entre nature et histoire: Mœurs et coutumes dans la philosophie (Classiques Garnier, 2017)

Catherine Dromelet

 

 

 

 … Continua a leggere

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