Consecutio rerum, anno 3, n. 6

TECHNE, TECNICA, TECNOLOGIA

a cura di Roberto Finelli e Pierluigi Marinucci

Immagine di copertina: Valeria Cademartori, Dismissioni, 2007. Su gentile concessione dell’autrice.
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Indice

Editoriale

ROBERTO FINELLI, Paradigma della “Tecnica” e paradigma del “Capitale”

 

Monografica
 
  • Storia delle idee

ROBERTO FINELLI, La dottrina della verità senza la dottrina della città. Per una critica della teoria heideggeriana della tecnica.
 
MARIANNINA FAILLA, La techne medica tra innovazione e anticipazione
 
MARTA LIBERTÀ DE BASTIANI, La politica come téchne. Storia antica e pragmatismo politico nel Tacitismo e in Botero.
 
NURIA SÁNCHEZ MADRID, Una técnica verosímil para explorar el ánimo. El pensamiento incosciente en las Lecciones sobre antropología de Kant
 
MARCO COSTANTINI, Il giudizio, la natura, la tecnica. Frammenti di ricerca sulla filosofia
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Editoriale. Paradigma della “Tecnica” e paradigma del “Capitale”

Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

 
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La dottrina della verità senza la dottrina della città. Per una critica della teoria heideggeriana della tecnica.

Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

 

Valeria Cademartori, Dismissioni, 2007. Su gentile concessione dell’autrice.

 
Abstract: Martin Heidegger’s philosophy linked the question of “technique” with the reproposal, in modern terms, of the ancient and medieval category of Being. The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate 1) that the conception of Being as an absolute principle of reality belongs to a primitive and archaic stage of Greek philosophy, still profoundly influenced by a culture of magism and language; 2) that the principle of an ontology distorted by an inadequate philosophy of language cannot be … Continua a leggere

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La techne medica tra innovazione e anticipazione

Mariannina Failla

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
mariannina.failla@uniroma3.it

 

 
Abstract: The following words are not meant to be new, and after all they cannot be if we think that the new has “always an ancient heart”, as Carlo Levi wrote in one of his books, bringing out the Jewish meaning of memory as the formation of civil consciousness. If not new, they don’t give up innovative reflections on medical art and therefore on the techne addressed to the human being, understood as a psycho-physical complex and not as a body machine. We want to highlight the precious … Continua a leggere

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La politica come techne. Storia antica e pragmatismo politico nel Tacitismo e in Botero

Marta Libertà De Bastiani

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
martalibertadebastiani@gmail.com

 

 
Abstract: In this paper I argue that, following Machiavellian tradition and theory of politics, the authors who may be labelled as Tacitists understand politics as a téchne, a set of governmental practices and techniques oriented towards the maintaining of political order. These practices, which compose the virtue of prudence, are defined through the consideration of historical experience as a theater, a stage where every political problem and its proper solution has already been shown. In Tacitists’ treatises, the historical facts, mainly excerpted from Tacitus and the … Continua a leggere

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Una técnica verosímil para explorar el ánimo. El pensamiento incosciente en las Lecciones sobre antropología de Kant

Nuria Sánchez Madrid

Universidad Complutense de Madrid
nuriasma@ucm.es

 

 
Abstract: This paper aims at giving an account of Kant’s treatment of unconscious representations in his Lectures on Anthropology and Logic, highlighting Kant’s disavowal of a theoretical inquiry of this kind of representations of the mind and his claim of the existence of a pragmatic technique for addressing them. First I tackle Kant’s misgivings against the hypothesis to cast light over the dark side of the mind, drawing as conclusion that the logical unity of apperception remains the unique path giving access to it. Second I give … Continua a leggere

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Il giudizio, la natura, la tecnica. Frammenti di ricerca sulla filosofia critica di Kant

Marco Costantini

Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”
m.costantini@live.it

 

 
Abstract: The contribution consists of some fragments that examine, within the Kantian critical texts, in particular within the Kritik der reinen Vernunft and the Kritik der Urteilskraft, three different types of judgment, the aesthetic, the artistic and the teleological, in the attempt to bring out the fundamental connection that the judgment in general tightens with a certain concept of nature and a certain concept of technique, which cannot be traced to the universal mechanism defined by the pure intellect.
 
Keywords: Kant; Judgment; Nature; … Continua a leggere

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The First and Modern Notion of Technology: from Linnaeus to Beckmann to Marx

Guido Frison

UCL, Department of Anthropology
g.frison@ucl.ac.uk; frison.guido@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The paper shows that the English language has great limitations in the treatment of the concept technology, and provides a rough but necessary taxonomy of the main uses of the term ‘technology’ in the present Anglo-Saxon debate on social sciences and humanities. Then, it shows the first steps of the modern notion of technology, which formerly referred to rhetoric and philology. Christian Wolff (1679 – 1754) introduced the notion of Technologia (in Latin) with little success within a philosophical essay in 1728. The actual development of technology (… Continua a leggere

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La tecnologia al servizio del capitale. La teoria marxiana della tecnologia alla luce dell’interpretazione di Raniero Panzieri

Andrea Cengia

Università degli Studi di Padova
andrea.cengia@gmail.com

 

 
Abstract: This paper is a part of a larger research included in my PhD dissertation. The main aim of the paper is to define an outline of a theory of technology as a part of a critique of political economy. The starting point is identified in the work of Raniero Panzieri, who in the early Sixties combines theoretical analysis of Marx’s Capital with the factory investigation. Panzieri’s research indicates the non-neutrality of Technology applied to production processes. Panzieri’s conclusions lead to return to Marx theory. Starting from these … Continua a leggere

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Intelligenza artificiale e algoritmi: datificazione, politica, epistemologia

Teresa Numerico

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
teresa.numerico@uniroma3.it

 

 
Abstract: The aim of the present paper is to show the evolution of the concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and of the different technical methods that progressively informed and organized this concept. The article presents a view of the evolution of such a notion: 1) with special regards to the social, political and epistemological consequences of the chosen technical solutions, 2) with special attention to the parallel transformation of the human intelligence concept. The recent major successes of AI are based on datification and availability of huge quantity … Continua a leggere

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L’uomo senza dimensione. Viaggio intorno agli ossimori del “mondo digitale”

Carmelo Albanese

Sapienza Università di Roma
ca.albanese@tiscali.it

 

 
Abstract: One-dimensional man of which Marcuse wrote is the ancestor of the contemporary digital man, who through the progressive loss of critical capacity is no longer anchored even to that single dimension which the author already indicated as the collapse of human rationality. In the seventies of the twentieth century, capitalism sought to overcome the resistance of public opinion in the face of technological productions functional to the war, formulating oxymorons that aspired to become customary terms: the “father of the H-bomb”. In the absurd synthesis of terms attributable … Continua a leggere

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Intervista a Gerhard Banse su “Tecnica e Tecnologia”

a cura di Roberto Finelli e Pierluigi Marinucci

Gerhard Banse

Berlin Centre Technology & Culture
gerhard.banse@t-online.de

Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

Pierluigi Marinucci

Sapienza Università di Roma
pierluigimarinucci4@gmail.com

 

 
Bionote: Gerhard Banse is President of the Leibniz-Sozietät (Berlin). He was a member of the Karlsrhuer Institut fur Technologie and of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic. He edited the entries Technik e Technologie of the Wörterbuch zu den philosophischen Fragen der Naturwissenschaften (Dietz Verlag, Berlin 1983). He is one of the most prominent researcher about Technology and its polysemous significance. … Continua a leggere

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The Politics of (Postcolonial) History: The case of Provincializing Europe

Vasant Kaiwar

Duke University
(vkaiwar@duke.edu)

 

 
Abstract: The critique of what is called postcolonial-studies in the Anglophone metropolitan academy that is elaborated in this paper, takes place via a detailed engagement with one of its most important recent texts, Dipesh Chakrabarty’s Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference (2000). It is intended to enable fresh critical thinking about the claims of postcolonial-studies to represent a subversive approach to history, politics, etc. It also engages the claims of postcolonial-studies regarding the limits of Eurocentrism, i.e. the tendency to view world history through the lens of European developments. The … Continua a leggere

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La “nuda vita” in Aristotele A partire da Giorgio Agamben

Giulia Angelini

Università degli Studi di Padova
giulia.angelini@phd.unipd.it

 

 
Abstract: This paper focuses on the Agambenian interpretation of Aristotle, which arises from the analysis of the relation between “ζωὴ” and “βίος” and of the figure of the slave. The aim of the work is the following: on the one hand, we will follow Agamben and his revision of the Aristotelian thought, which leads him to elaborate the crucial notion of “bare life”; on the other hand, we will verify whether the possibility to trace such a notion back to Aristotle is legitimate.
 
Keywords: Agamben; “Bare … Continua a leggere

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Dal riconoscimento al socialismo: la teoria della giustizia di Axel Honneth

Francesco Leone

Università degli Studi di Bari
francescoleone1985@libero.it

 

 
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to retrace the philosophical developments of Axel Honneth’s social theory after his rediscovery of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. In Freedom’s Right, Honneth’s original normative theory of society based on recognition leaves room for a normative theory of institutions grounded on the concept of social freedom. Honneth uses the Hegelian methodological procedure of normative reconstruction to develop a theory of justice based on social analysis. The resort of a teleological philosophy of history makes possible the normative reconstruction and justify … Continua a leggere

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Recensione a Marco Maurizi, Quanto lucente la tua inesistenza. L’Ottobre, il Sessantotto e il socialismo che viene (Jacabook 2018)

Domizio Saquella

Università degli Studi di Bologna
domizio.s@hotmail.it

 
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Recensione a Cathy O’Neil, Armi di distruzione matematica (Bompiani, 2017

Andrea Chiantini

Sapienza Università di Roma
andrea.chiantini@live.it

 
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Recensione a Flavio Luzi, Quodlibet. Il problema della presupposizione nell’ontologia politica di Giorgio Agamben (Stamen, 2017)

Giorgio Astone

Sapienza Università di Roma
giorgio.astone@uniroma1.it

 
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Consecutio rerum, anno 3, n. 5: Novembre 2018

Marx inattuale

a cura di Riccardo Bellofiore e Carla Maria Fabiani

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Indice

Introduzione

RICCARDO BELLOFIORE, C’è vita su Marx? Il Capitale nel bicentenario

 

Questioni di metodo

MICHAEL HEINRICH, Rileggendo Marx: nuovi testi e nuove prospettive
 
TOMMASO REDOLFI RIVA, A partire dal sottotitolo del Capitale: Critica e metodo della critica dell’economia politica
 
FRIEDER OTTO WOLF, Systematic Theory Building and Empirico-Historical Argument in Marx’s Capital
 
STEFANO BREDA, La dialettica marxiana come critica immanente dell’empiria
 
ELENA LOUISA LANGE, The Proof is in the Pudding: on the Necessity of Presupposition in Marx’s Critical Method
 
BOB JESSOP, ‘Every beginning is difficult, holds in all sciences’. Marx on the Economic Cell
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C’è vita su Marx? Il Capitale nel bicentenario


Riccardo Bellofiore

Università degli Studi di Bergamo
riccardo.bellofiore@unibg.it

 
 
Abstract: The article suggests a reconstruction of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy as a macro-monetary theory of capitalist production. The first part of what follows will provide a sort of methodological introduction to Das Kapital. I am questioning the meaning of critique versus criticism, the distinction between fetish-character and fetishism, the role of dialectics, and the difference between reading, interpretation and reconstruction. I will focus especially on Volume I. At the centre of the discussion are: the multiple meanings of abstract labour and socialization, the role … Continua a leggere

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Rileggendo Marx: nuovi testi e nuove prospettive


Michael Heinrich*

Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin
Michael.Heinrich@HTW-Berlin.de

 
 
Permettetemi di iniziare con un’osservazione personale sulla mia lettura de Il capitale. Sono circa 43 anni che leggo Il capitale, e devo dire che non mi sono ancora annoiato. Leggerlo è come compiere un avventuroso viaggio intellettuale, ma per godere appieno di quest’esperienza è richiesto un tipo di impegno diverso da quello a cui ci ha ormai abituato il sistema universitario europeo, per il quale «leggere» significa solamente individuare in maniera grossolana alcune delle tesi principali esposte in un’opera.

Leggere Il capitale significa comprenderne la … Continua a leggere

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A partire dal sottotitolo del Capitale: Critica e metodo della critica dell’economia politica


Tommaso Redolfi Riva*

redolfiriva77@yahoo.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The aim of the paper is to explain the concept of «critique of political economy» (CPE) in Marx’s mature work. Starting from the different meanings CPE assumes, I will try to explain the peculiarities of such a critical project. In particular, I will focus the attention on CPE as a critique of capital as objective-subjective totality: on the one side, as a system of social production whose aim is the valorisation of capital, based on the appropriation of unpaid labour and generating a system of socialisation of production increasingly … Continua a leggere

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Systematic Theory Building and Empirico-Historical Argument in Marx’s Capital


Frieder Otto Wolf

Freie Universität Berlin
fow@snafu.dex

 
 
Abstract: Marx’s conception of the ideal average provides an approach to a productive re-discussion of Marx’s epistemological practice in Capital. As a specific approach to systematic theory-building underlying Marx’s critique of political economy it opens a way, with the implied distinction between systematic theory building and empirico-historical exemplification and analysis, it makes it possible today to reconstruct Marx’s «materialist dialectics». More specifically it is claimed, that Marx’s insights into the «limits of dialectical presentation» should be interpreted in a way that makes his «dialectics» compatible with modern, post-fregean … Continua a leggere

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La dialettica marxiana come critica immanente dell’empiria


Stefano Breda

Freie Universität Berlin
bredaste@gmail.com

 
 
Abstract: The paper aims to show that a materialist understanding of the method followed by Marx in his critique of political economy requires going beyond both the traditional logical-historical interpretation of dialectics and the logical-systematic interpretation developed within the Neue Marx-Lektüre.
 
Keywords: Marx; dialectics; materialism; Neue Marx-Lektüre; immanent critique
 
 
 
1. Un campo di tensione teorica
 
La questione della specificità del metodo dialettico seguito da Marx nella sua critica dell’economia politica rispetto a una dialettica idealista è stata al centro di accesi dibattiti … Continua a leggere

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The Proof is in the Pudding: on the Necessity of Presupposition in Marx’s Critical Method


Elena Louisa Lange*

University of Zurich
elena.lange@aoi.uzh.ch

 
 
Abstract: Marx’s labour theory of value cannot be understood without the critique of the value theories of classical political economy, especially that of Adam Smith and David Ricardo. It is therefore by necessity inflicted with the presupposition of its own intellectual context. Presupposition however is not only central to the formation of the labour theory of value as «analogous to Newton’s Laws in mechanics» (Duncan Foley) in the realm of social science. Presupposition, a strong Hegelian topos, also basically informs the level of Marx’s critique as the … Continua a leggere

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‘Every beginning is difficult, holds in all sciences’ Marx on the Economic Cell Form of the Capitalist Mode of Production


Bob Jessop*

Lancaster University, UK
b.jessop@lancaster.ac.uk

 
 
Abstract: Marx and Engels followed the natural sciences closely and held that there was only one science: history, embracing nature and society. This contribution notes the influence of Darwinism, thermodynamics and cell biology in Marx’s critique of political economy and examines the least-discussed of these influences: cell biology. For Marx eventually settled on the value-form of the commodity, described as the economic cell form of the capitalist mode of production (CMP), as the starting point for Capital. At stake here is Marx’s deep interest in the natural sciences … Continua a leggere

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