Consecutio rerum, anno IV, n. 7

Filosofia e malattia mentale

a cura di Mariannina Failla e Francesca Iannelli

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Indice

Editoriale

MARIANNINA FAILLA, Il caleidoscopio della psiche

 

Monografica

 

FRANCESCA FANTASIA, Il mondo perduto. Follia e senso comune nell’Antropologia di Kant
 
CATERINA MAURER, Il contributo dello studio delle malattie magnetiche al superamento del dualismo anima-corpo. Una lettura hegeliana
 
MARIANNINA FAILLA, Dormire, vegliare e sognare: le vie della follia nell’antropologia di Hegel
 
ROSSELLA BONITO OLIVA, Nelle pieghe del soggettivo. La trama longitudinale e trasversale dello psichico
 
FABIO SULPIZIO, La crisi della malinconia. Philosophie e medicina in Philippe Pinel
 
SEHRII GRYSHKAN, Dialektisch-spekulatives Konzept der psychischen Norm in der Psychoanalyse
 
ROBERTO FINELLI, Una metafisica troppo
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Editoriale. Il caleidoscopio della psiche

Mariannina Failla

 

 

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Il mondo perduto. Follia e senso comune nell’Antropologia di Kant

Francesca Fantasia

Humboldt Universität zu Berlin/Università degli studi di Palermo.
francescafantasia@hotmail.com



Abstract: This paper aims at foregrounding the Kantian conception of mental illness as a “disorder and deviation from the rule of the use of reason” (AA 07:216) and thus to examine this peculiar meaning of mental illness as a pathology of consciousness, where the latter is understood as the central structure of subjectivity guiding its theoretical, practical, and aesthetic actions. The starting point of this analysis is Kant’s systematic presentation of mental illnesses in his Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (1798), which I will explore … Continua a leggere

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Il contributo dello studio delle malattie magnetiche al superamento del dualismo anima-corpo. Una lettura hegeliana

Caterina Maurer

Università di Trento
caterina.maurer@gmail.com


Abstract: This paper aims to show how Hegel’s interest in magnetic pathologies led him to focus on the mind-body problem as well as on the relation between rationality and preconsciousness. By analyzing the physiological side or basis of the magnetic state, it will emerge that these pathologies afflict both mind (Seele) and body. A closer look at the description of the organic disease given in the Philosophy of Nature will reveal that the psychic pathologies that Hegel describes in the Anthropology result from an uncontrolled reactivation of the subject’s preconscious … Continua a leggere

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Dormire, vegliare e sognare: le vie della follia nell’antropologia di Hegel

Mariannina Failla

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
mariannina.failla@uniroma3.it



Abstract: The essay starts from the role that the sleep/wake relationship plays in the sentimental dynamics: perceptive and judgmental, therefore at the dawn of the forms of self-awareness of the individual soul. We are in the context of the concrete feeling of self. In this context madness involves the contrast between the organic relationality of each psycho-body activity, what we could indicate as the totality of the concrete feeling of self, and sclerotization and fixation in the perceptual particularity imposed by the body to the idealizing activity of the soul. … Continua a leggere

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Nelle pieghe del soggettivo. La trama longitudinale e trasversale dello psichico

Rossella Bonito Oliva

Università degli Studi l’Orientale di Napoli



Abstract: Philosophy of the Subjective Spirit is an important theme in Hegel’s work. It thoroughly permeated his studies: a matter of continuous reworking in its specific subject. It is recalled in the philosophies of law, religion, history, and in the science of logic. Each of these moments, from soul to spirit, from unconscious to spirit, requires the philosopher’s observation and attention. It is not about creating a hierarchy or a progression, but rather observing an open scene, in which adventures and misadventures of Subjectivity evolve. This activity involves exploring … Continua a leggere

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La crisi della malinconia. Philosophie e medicina in Philippe Pinel

Fabio A. Sulpizio

Università del Salento
fabio.sulpizio@unisalento.it



Abstract: For Philippe Pinel, the concept of melancholy is one of the key methods for understanding not only a specific mental illness but also the new map of mental alienation. However, as Hegel shows in his work, the madness is not only a moment of growth in the history of the mind, but also a pattern of scientific intellect that builds a new science of the mind that is a science of humanity. It is the melancholy, however, with its complex and rich history, which represents the testbed of the nascent … Continua a leggere

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Dialektisch-spekulatives Konzept der psychischen Norm in der Psychoanalyse

Sehrii Gryshkan

Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Sergej.grischkan@googlemail.com



Abstract: There is a controversial question in psychology in general and in psychoanalysis in particular concerning the definition of what is a psychic norm. This article aims to make a contribution to this discussion. The thesis of the article could be formulated in the following way: The psychic norm in Freud’s works corresponds to dialectic-speculative processes whereas the pathological, although it is also dialectic in its essence, does not reach a speculative level. I support this thesis in the following way: (1) Firstly, I briefly summarize what Hegel means by positive-rational or … Continua a leggere

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Una metafisica troppo ‘nobile’ del desiderio: A. Kojève e J. Lacan

Roberto Finelli

Università di Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it



Abstract: It is indisputable the enormous influence on French culture that had the Hegelian reading advanced by A. Kojève during the 30s of the last century. Finelli’s essay intends to criticize the basic approach of the Russian-French author and his claim to place the dialectical relationship of lord and servant at the beginning of history. Finelli’s aim is to demonstrate that the “absolute denial”, assigned to the lord in the Phenomenology of the spirit, cannot be a presupposition, as Kojève thought, but can only be a “place”, historically determined, which … Continua a leggere

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Real and immanence in cinema

Daniela Angelucci

Università di Roma Tre
dangelucci@uniroma3.it


Abstract: The pair Real and Immanence makes reference to two concepts employed respectively by the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan and the philosopher Gilles Deleuze. My proposal is that there is a strong affinity between these two concepts, and that they can contribute to clarifying a specific capacity of art, in particular that of cinema. According to scholars who criticize the application of psychoanalysis to the arts, psychoanalysis always misses what should be its object – the work of art – studying the artist’s unconscious (or characters’ unconscious) or the unconscious of the … Continua a leggere

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Hegel and Foucault on Rameau’s Nephew. The Discrimen between Madness and Mental Illness as Biopolitical Threshold

Ugo Balzaretti

Institut des Humanités dans la Médecine, Université de Lausanne – CHUV
ugobalzaretti@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: In dealing with the Hegelian conception of folly, Michel Foucault does not focus primarily on the anthropology of the Encyclopedia that praised Philippe Pinel’s therapeutic revolution. Foucault is more interested in the Phenomenology of Spirit and in its interpretation of Diderot’s satire Rameau’s Nephew. Accordingly, he investigates madness not on the basis of the soul as the still natural state of consciousness, but rather in the heart of the spirit itself when it is already articulated as social praxis, language and … Continua a leggere

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La presenza alienata. Follia e slancio morale in Ernesto De Martino

Francesco Lesce

Università della Calabria
francescolesce@libero.it



Abstract: In De Martino’s work pathological alienation is defined as the modus particular to a sick mind, which exposes the human presence to the extreme risk of a crisis that the sane mind is called to avert incessantly. It is within this horizon that culture becomes the instrument of a constant struggle against folly’s annihilating interference in history. It is, however, insufficient to elicit the issue of folly without specifying that in De Martino folly evokes the extreme limit of a crisis varyingly articulated on multiple levels. In the rereading of these … Continua a leggere

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Le ambivalenze e i paradossi della rivoluzione dei diritti: una storia filosofica e politica

Francesco Fistetti

Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro
fistetti49@gmail.com



Abstract: The object of this essay is the paradox of the philosophical and political history that emerged from May 1968. The instances of liberation, born under the pressure of that epochal event and aimed at the destruction of the traditional authoritarian morality (divorce, abortion, feminism, LGBT* movements, etc.), have been emptied of their original emancipatory content and caught by the abstract logic of the market. For a sort of irony of history, the revolution of subjective rights has been turned upside down in new forms of subjugation and … Continua a leggere

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Le radici del riconoscimento. Un viaggio con Axel Honneth nella storia delle idee europea

Eleonora Piromalli

Università di Roma Sapienza
eleonora.piromalli@yahoo.com



Abstract: This article focuses on Axel Honneth’s latest book, Recognition: A European History of Ideas. I summarize Honneth’s reconstruction of the three models of recognition that he associates respectively with the French, the British and the German theoretical tradition, and his attempt at integrating the German model with the other two. In retracing Honneth’s itinerary through the development of the idea of recognition, I also present some objections: these concern Honneth’s neglect, in Recognition, of the philosophy of the first French and British socialists, as well as the fact … Continua a leggere

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Negare il negativo. La funzione ‘mascheratrice’ della religione

Sergio Fabio Berardini

Università degli Studi di Trento
sergio.berardini@unit.it



Abstract: In this paper, after considering the difference between Bergson and Heidegger in interpreting the problem of ‘nothing’, I will opt for Bergson’s viewpoint which claims that the ‘nothing’ is just a pseudo-idea originated by the linguistic faculty of negation. Then I will consider Wittgenstein and Croce’s approach to such a problem, which consists in using logic in order to dissolve it. Finally, I will interpret religion as an alternative way by which the ‘nothing’ is removed by concealing it.
 
Keywords: Henri Bergson; Benedetto Croce; Martin Heidegger; … Continua a leggere

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Narrating Trauma

Valeria Neglia

Università degli Studi di Palermo
negliavaleria@gmail.com



 
Abstract: This essay treats of the therapeutic role of narrative in trauma survivors’ path to recovery, as described by the psychiatrist Judith Herman in her Trauma and Recovery. It underlines the analogies between Herman’s scientific acquisitions, reflecting her clinical work with victims of domestic violence, veterans and political prisoners, on the one hand, and Paul Ricoeur’s theory of the circle of triple mimesis, on the other. Furthermore, the essay compares Herman’s view of forgiveness as impossible “exorcism” of the traumatic experience, with the post-Holocaust debate about forgiveness, referring … Continua a leggere

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Fenomenologica e logica nel pensiero di Bertrando Spaventa

Marco Diamanti

marco.diamanti@uniroma1.it
Sapienza Università di Roma-FernUniversität in Hagen



Abstract: The paper is based on the question of the relationship between phenomenology and logic to offer a first general view about the problem of the origin of dialectic in the thought of Bertrando Spaventa. Metaphysics, according with its most ancient and noble function, could still offer the instruments to arrive at the truth, but only provided that the work on the foundation of realism, which identify in the sensitive perception the “bridge” which conduct from the being to the knowledge, and that affirm the identity of the content … Continua a leggere

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Recensione a Francesco Tibursi, Figure della ragione (Mimesis, 2019)

Luca Micaloni

Università di Roma Sapienza
luca.micaloni@uniroma1.it


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Consecutio rerum, anno 3, n. 6

TECHNE, TECNICA, TECNOLOGIA

a cura di Roberto Finelli e Pierluigi Marinucci

Immagine di copertina: Valeria Cademartori, Dismissioni, 2007. Su gentile concessione dell’autrice.
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Indice

Editoriale

ROBERTO FINELLI, Paradigma della “Tecnica” e paradigma del “Capitale”

 

Monografica
 
  • Storia delle idee

ROBERTO FINELLI, La dottrina della verità senza la dottrina della città. Per una critica della teoria heideggeriana della tecnica.
 
MARIANNINA FAILLA, La techne medica tra innovazione e anticipazione
 
MARTA LIBERTÀ DE BASTIANI, La politica come téchne. Storia antica e pragmatismo politico nel Tacitismo e in Botero.
 
NURIA SÁNCHEZ MADRID, Una técnica verosímil para explorar el ánimo. El pensamiento incosciente en las Lecciones sobre antropología de Kant
 
MARCO COSTANTINI, Il giudizio, la natura, la tecnica. Frammenti di ricerca sulla filosofia
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Editoriale. Paradigma della “Tecnica” e paradigma del “Capitale”

Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

 
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La dottrina della verità senza la dottrina della città. Per una critica della teoria heideggeriana della tecnica.

Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

 

Valeria Cademartori, Dismissioni, 2007. Su gentile concessione dell’autrice.

 
Abstract: Martin Heidegger’s philosophy linked the question of “technique” with the reproposal, in modern terms, of the ancient and medieval category of Being. The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate 1) that the conception of Being as an absolute principle of reality belongs to a primitive and archaic stage of Greek philosophy, still profoundly influenced by a culture of magism and language; 2) that the principle of an ontology distorted by an inadequate philosophy of language cannot be … Continua a leggere

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La techne medica tra innovazione e anticipazione

Mariannina Failla

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
mariannina.failla@uniroma3.it

 

 
Abstract: The following words are not meant to be new, and after all they cannot be if we think that the new has “always an ancient heart”, as Carlo Levi wrote in one of his books, bringing out the Jewish meaning of memory as the formation of civil consciousness. If not new, they don’t give up innovative reflections on medical art and therefore on the techne addressed to the human being, understood as a psycho-physical complex and not as a body machine. We want to highlight the precious … Continua a leggere

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La politica come techne. Storia antica e pragmatismo politico nel Tacitismo e in Botero

Marta Libertà De Bastiani

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
martalibertadebastiani@gmail.com

 

 
Abstract: In this paper I argue that, following Machiavellian tradition and theory of politics, the authors who may be labelled as Tacitists understand politics as a téchne, a set of governmental practices and techniques oriented towards the maintaining of political order. These practices, which compose the virtue of prudence, are defined through the consideration of historical experience as a theater, a stage where every political problem and its proper solution has already been shown. In Tacitists’ treatises, the historical facts, mainly excerpted from Tacitus and the … Continua a leggere

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Una técnica verosímil para explorar el ánimo. El pensamiento incosciente en las Lecciones sobre antropología de Kant

Nuria Sánchez Madrid

Universidad Complutense de Madrid
nuriasma@ucm.es

 

 
Abstract: This paper aims at giving an account of Kant’s treatment of unconscious representations in his Lectures on Anthropology and Logic, highlighting Kant’s disavowal of a theoretical inquiry of this kind of representations of the mind and his claim of the existence of a pragmatic technique for addressing them. First I tackle Kant’s misgivings against the hypothesis to cast light over the dark side of the mind, drawing as conclusion that the logical unity of apperception remains the unique path giving access to it. Second I give … Continua a leggere

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Il giudizio, la natura, la tecnica. Frammenti di ricerca sulla filosofia critica di Kant

Marco Costantini

Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”
m.costantini@live.it

 

 
Abstract: The contribution consists of some fragments that examine, within the Kantian critical texts, in particular within the Kritik der reinen Vernunft and the Kritik der Urteilskraft, three different types of judgment, the aesthetic, the artistic and the teleological, in the attempt to bring out the fundamental connection that the judgment in general tightens with a certain concept of nature and a certain concept of technique, which cannot be traced to the universal mechanism defined by the pure intellect.
 
Keywords: Kant; Judgment; Nature; … Continua a leggere

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The First and Modern Notion of Technology: from Linnaeus to Beckmann to Marx

Guido Frison

UCL, Department of Anthropology
g.frison@ucl.ac.uk; frison.guido@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The paper shows that the English language has great limitations in the treatment of the concept technology, and provides a rough but necessary taxonomy of the main uses of the term ‘technology’ in the present Anglo-Saxon debate on social sciences and humanities. Then, it shows the first steps of the modern notion of technology, which formerly referred to rhetoric and philology. Christian Wolff (1679 – 1754) introduced the notion of Technologia (in Latin) with little success within a philosophical essay in 1728. The actual development of technology (… Continua a leggere

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