Consecutio rerum, anno IV, n. 8

«People have the power»

Forza, limiti e contraddizioni di un concetto moderno

a cura di Stefano Visentin

 

      George Segal… Continua a leggere

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Editoriale

Stefano Visentin

 

 

 … Continua a leggere

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Politicizzare il popolo. Semantiche del soggetto collettivo in Germania tra il 1848 e il nazionalsocialismo

Maurizio Ricciardi

 

Università di Bologna

maurizio.ricciardi@unibo.it

 

 

 

Abstract: The essay analyses three specific ways in which the “people” is politicized in relation to the emergence of capitalist society, of its conflicts and divisions. The semantics of the collective subject is thus determined by its constant opposition to that of society. The first politicization is the one highlighted by the Hegelian left, particularly, by Arnold Ruge and Edgar Bauer. According to them, the “democratic people” is both an end in view and an alternative to the empiric people, and reproduces the distinction between the social and the … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Figure del popolo tra XIX e XX secolo, NUMERO 8 | Lascia un commento

Il popolo in Marx 
(dal giovane Marx al 18 Brumaio di Luigi Bonaparte)

 

Javier Balsa

 

Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina

jjbalsa@unq.edu.ar

 

 

 

Abstract: This article analyzes the use of the concept of “people” during Karl Marx’s first decade of intellectual work. In his first writings, it was a main concept. However, the signifier “people” quickly lost presence and practically disappeared in the texts of the second half of the 1840s. In the works dedicated to the French conjuncture from 1848 to 1851, Marx made a direct criticism of the use of the concept of “people” because it veils the perception of the class struggle. However, a careful … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Figure del popolo tra XIX e XX secolo, NUMERO 8 | Lascia un commento

“Sotto la vernice lucente delle civiltà moderne” “Razza”, “popolo” e “folla” nella psicologia collettiva di Gustave Le Bon: appunti di rilettura

Damiano Palano

 

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore Milano

damiano.palano@unicatt.it

 

 

 

Abstract: This article offers a new reading of Gustave Le Bon’s thought, in particular regarding his conceptions of “crowd”, “race” and “people”. This paper tries to show the inconsistencies in the vision of the “crowd” proposed by Le Bon’s in his books Lois psychologiques de l’évolution des peuples (1894) and Psychologie des foules (1895). In fact, until 1894 Le Bon excluded that it was possible to arrest the process of degeneration of Latin races, and moreover he used the words “crowd”, “people” and “race” as … Continua a leggere

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Democrazia diretta e controllo del mercato? Un’antinomia del primo populismo americano

Patricia Chiantera

 

Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro

patricia.chiantera@uniba.it

 

 

 

Abstract: Not only different and opposite issues and demands build the complex ideological constellation of the first American Populism (People’s Party) but also a plurality and variety of political and social forces represent the main agents of the populist protest movements between the nineteenth and twentieth century in America. One of the main contradictions emerging from the political debate led by American populist leaders at the time is the one between the claim for a stronger role of the central government and the implementation of … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Figure del popolo tra XIX e XX secolo, NUMERO 8 | Lascia un commento

“Un popolo innumerevole”. Frantz Fanon e l’invenzione di una nazione

Stefano Visentin

 

Università di Urbino “Carlo Bo”

stefano.visentin@uniurb.it 

 

 

 

 

Abstract: The entire work of Frantz Fanon is traversed by a theoretical and political critique of the method of the humanities and social sciences, accused of legitimizing European colonial rule. The struggle for the liberation of colonized peoples is thus intertwined with the construction of a new political conceptuality, based on the “direct protagonism” of the damned of the earth. Through the material and symbolic-linguistic mobilization generated by the struggle, the people take on the task of “inventing” a nation through built on new collective behaviors … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Figure del popolo tra XIX e XX secolo, NUMERO 8 | Lascia un commento

A Just People, or Just the People? Althusser, Foucault and Juridical Ideology

Alberto Toscano

 

Goldsmiths University of London

a.toscano@gold.ac.uk

 

 

 

 

Abstract:The return of the figure of the people to the forefront of radical theorising in France can be contextualised and complicated by contrasting it with the relative hostility or indifference to it in the ambit of la pensée soixante-huit. For a spell, the people was largely displaced by collective formations that sought to escape the nation-state cage of political modernity, not just antagonistic conceptions of class, but all kinds of groups, movements, multiplicities, minorities, etc. This essay probes two theoretical episodes that can contribute to … Continua a leggere

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Popolo, domande sociali e istituzioni populiste. Populismo in e oltre Laclau

Rocco Picciotto Maniscalco

 

Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

rocco.picciotto.maniscalco@gmail.com

 

 

                     George Segal

 

 

Abstract: The main objective of this essay is to critically analyze part of the thought of Ernesto Laclau, one of the most important South American intellectuals of the last decades, especially referring to one of his most important works: On Populist Reason. The text will be divided into 3 parts: in the first one, I will briefly introduce the thought of the Argentine philosopher, highlighting the most problematic parts and less consistent with the theoretical framework of Laclau himself. … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 8, Presenza e assenza del popolo nel dibattito politico contemporaneo | Lascia un commento

Dal popolo ai suoi soggetti: cittadini, denizens, lavoratori nell’epoca neoliberista

Giorgio Cesarale

 

Università degli Studi di Venezia Ca’ Foscari

giorgio.cesarale@unive.it

 

 

 

Abstract: Is neoliberalism a threat to citizenship? This question is answered with the help of Bryan S. Turner’s analysis of the contemporary obsolescence of citizenship in a market-driven society. According to him, the neoliberal citizen has become similar to the denizen, because the former now enjoys less rights; his/her ethical belonging to the State and the people has been weakened; he/she does not participate in political opinion- and will-formation. The argument of this article, though, is that citizenship itself must be re-examined, re-framing it as … Continua a leggere

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Da Olympe de Gouges alla Rojava. La critica femminista del popolo tra differenza e uguaglianza

Roberta Ferrari

 

Università degli Studi di Bologna

roberta.ferrari6@unibo.it

 

 

 

Abstract: To understand the feminist critique of the concept of people means reconstructing the semantics of a struggle on the body of the nation, exploring the relationship, the paradoxes and the contradictions between equality and difference. It means showing the external and internal struggle waged constantly against the political neutralization and the social valorization of the difference by political, social and economic institutions. Above all it means questioning the problem of political unity and the way in which the feminist critique has unveiled its patriarchal character. … Continua a leggere

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I popoli mancati del momento populista e le sfide dell’eterogeneità

Adalgiso Amendola

 

Università degli Studi di Salerno

adaamendola@unisal.it

 

 

 

 

Abstract: According to many interpreters, since 2015 we live a “populist moment”. With “populist moment”, they intend to bring very different movements to a common matrix, the reaction to neoliberalism. In a “populist moment”, it would be inevitable, also for progressive and emancipatory movements, express their social demands in populist language. But, on one hand, populist movements are internal responses in the crisis of neoliberalism, more that an opposition to neoliberalism. On the other hand, populism cannot resume heterogeneity and multiplicity of emerging political subjectivies into the … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 8, Presenza e assenza del popolo nel dibattito politico contemporaneo | Lascia un commento

Aldo Natoli. Storia di un comunista senza partito

Oscar Oddi

 

 

      Comizio di Giancarlo Pajetta e Aldo Natoli dopo l’attentato a Togliatti. Luglio 1948

 … Continua a leggere

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Una critica del capitale messa in versi. La poesia civile di Cristina Corradi. Recensione a Cristina Corradi, “Destini Capitali” (Ensemble 2020)

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Roberto Finelli

 

Università degli Studi di Roma Tre

r.finelli@uniroma3.it

 

 

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R. Jaeggi, R. Celikates, Filosofia sociale. Una introduzione (Le Monnier, 2018)

Mattia Di Pierro

 

 

 … Continua a leggere

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Francesco Toto, Laetitia Simonetta et Giorgio Bottini (dir.), Entre nature et histoire: Mœurs et coutumes dans la philosophie (Classiques Garnier, 2017)

Catherine Dromelet

 

 

 

 … Continua a leggere

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Consecutio rerum, anno IV, n. 7

Filosofia e malattia mentale

a cura di Mariannina Failla e Francesca Iannelli

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Indice

Editoriale

MARIANNINA FAILLA, Il caleidoscopio della psiche

 

Monografica

 

FRANCESCA FANTASIA, Il mondo perduto. Follia e senso comune nell’Antropologia di Kant
 
CATERINA MAURER, Il contributo dello studio delle malattie magnetiche al superamento del dualismo anima-corpo. Una lettura hegeliana
 
MARIANNINA FAILLA, Dormire, vegliare e sognare: le vie della follia nell’antropologia di Hegel
 
ROSSELLA BONITO OLIVA, Nelle pieghe del soggettivo. La trama longitudinale e trasversale dello psichico
 
FABIO SULPIZIO, La crisi della malinconia. Philosophie e medicina in Philippe Pinel
 
SEHRII GRYSHKAN, Dialektisch-spekulatives Konzept der psychischen Norm in der Psychoanalyse
 
ROBERTO FINELLI, Una metafisica troppo
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Editoriale. Il caleidoscopio della psiche

Mariannina Failla

 

 

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Il mondo perduto. Follia e senso comune nell’Antropologia di Kant

Francesca Fantasia

Humboldt Universität zu Berlin/Università degli studi di Palermo.
francescafantasia@hotmail.com



Abstract: This paper aims at foregrounding the Kantian conception of mental illness as a “disorder and deviation from the rule of the use of reason” (AA 07:216) and thus to examine this peculiar meaning of mental illness as a pathology of consciousness, where the latter is understood as the central structure of subjectivity guiding its theoretical, practical, and aesthetic actions. The starting point of this analysis is Kant’s systematic presentation of mental illnesses in his Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (1798), which I will explore … Continua a leggere

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Il contributo dello studio delle malattie magnetiche al superamento del dualismo anima-corpo. Una lettura hegeliana

Caterina Maurer

Università di Trento
caterina.maurer@gmail.com


Abstract: This paper aims to show how Hegel’s interest in magnetic pathologies led him to focus on the mind-body problem as well as on the relation between rationality and preconsciousness. By analyzing the physiological side or basis of the magnetic state, it will emerge that these pathologies afflict both mind (Seele) and body. A closer look at the description of the organic disease given in the Philosophy of Nature will reveal that the psychic pathologies that Hegel describes in the Anthropology result from an uncontrolled reactivation of the subject’s preconscious … Continua a leggere

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Dormire, vegliare e sognare: le vie della follia nell’antropologia di Hegel

Mariannina Failla

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
mariannina.failla@uniroma3.it



Abstract: The essay starts from the role that the sleep/wake relationship plays in the sentimental dynamics: perceptive and judgmental, therefore at the dawn of the forms of self-awareness of the individual soul. We are in the context of the concrete feeling of self. In this context madness involves the contrast between the organic relationality of each psycho-body activity, what we could indicate as the totality of the concrete feeling of self, and sclerotization and fixation in the perceptual particularity imposed by the body to the idealizing activity of the soul. … Continua a leggere

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Nelle pieghe del soggettivo. La trama longitudinale e trasversale dello psichico

Rossella Bonito Oliva

Università degli Studi l’Orientale di Napoli



Abstract: Philosophy of the Subjective Spirit is an important theme in Hegel’s work. It thoroughly permeated his studies: a matter of continuous reworking in its specific subject. It is recalled in the philosophies of law, religion, history, and in the science of logic. Each of these moments, from soul to spirit, from unconscious to spirit, requires the philosopher’s observation and attention. It is not about creating a hierarchy or a progression, but rather observing an open scene, in which adventures and misadventures of Subjectivity evolve. This activity involves exploring … Continua a leggere

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La crisi della malinconia. Philosophie e medicina in Philippe Pinel

Fabio A. Sulpizio

Università del Salento
fabio.sulpizio@unisalento.it



Abstract: For Philippe Pinel, the concept of melancholy is one of the key methods for understanding not only a specific mental illness but also the new map of mental alienation. However, as Hegel shows in his work, the madness is not only a moment of growth in the history of the mind, but also a pattern of scientific intellect that builds a new science of the mind that is a science of humanity. It is the melancholy, however, with its complex and rich history, which represents the testbed of the nascent … Continua a leggere

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Dialektisch-spekulatives Konzept der psychischen Norm in der Psychoanalyse

Sehrii Gryshkan

Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Sergej.grischkan@googlemail.com



Abstract: There is a controversial question in psychology in general and in psychoanalysis in particular concerning the definition of what is a psychic norm. This article aims to make a contribution to this discussion. The thesis of the article could be formulated in the following way: The psychic norm in Freud’s works corresponds to dialectic-speculative processes whereas the pathological, although it is also dialectic in its essence, does not reach a speculative level. I support this thesis in the following way: (1) Firstly, I briefly summarize what Hegel means by positive-rational or … Continua a leggere

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Una metafisica troppo ‘nobile’ del desiderio: A. Kojève e J. Lacan

Roberto Finelli

Università di Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it


Light Shadow Balls Study by Karkade on DeviantArt

 

Abstract: It is indisputable the enormous influence on French culture that had the Hegelian reading advanced by A. Kojève during the 30s of the last century. Finelli’s essay intends to criticize the basic approach of the Russian-French author and his claim to place the dialectical relationship of lord and servant at the beginning of history. Finelli’s aim is to demonstrate that the “absolute denial”, assigned to the lord in the Phenomenology of the spirit, cannot be a presupposition, as Kojève thought, but can only be a “place”, historically determined, … Continua a leggere

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Real and immanence in cinema

Daniela Angelucci

Università di Roma Tre
dangelucci@uniroma3.it


Abstract: The pair Real and Immanence makes reference to two concepts employed respectively by the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan and the philosopher Gilles Deleuze. My proposal is that there is a strong affinity between these two concepts, and that they can contribute to clarifying a specific capacity of art, in particular that of cinema. According to scholars who criticize the application of psychoanalysis to the arts, psychoanalysis always misses what should be its object – the work of art – studying the artist’s unconscious (or characters’ unconscious) or the unconscious of the … Continua a leggere

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Hegel and Foucault on Rameau’s Nephew. The Discrimen between Madness and Mental Illness as Biopolitical Threshold

Ugo Balzaretti

Institut des Humanités dans la Médecine, Université de Lausanne – CHUV
ugobalzaretti@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: In dealing with the Hegelian conception of folly, Michel Foucault does not focus primarily on the anthropology of the Encyclopedia that praised Philippe Pinel’s therapeutic revolution. Foucault is more interested in the Phenomenology of Spirit and in its interpretation of Diderot’s satire Rameau’s Nephew. Accordingly, he investigates madness not on the basis of the soul as the still natural state of consciousness, but rather in the heart of the spirit itself when it is already articulated as social praxis, language and … Continua a leggere

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