Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro
Abstract: The object of this essay is the paradox of the philosophical and political history that emerged from May 1968. The instances of liberation, born under the pressure of that epochal event and aimed at the destruction of the traditional authoritarian morality (divorce, abortion, feminism, LGBT* movements, etc.), have been emptied of their original emancipatory content and caught by the abstract logic of the market. For a sort of irony of history, the revolution of subjective rights has been turned upside down in new forms of subjugation and hierarchy. The ambivalence of this historical-political process is reflected in the post-structuralist and post-modernist philosophical constellation of the so-called “French Theory” (Derrida, Foucault, Baudrillard, Deleuze, Lyotard, Barthes), in which the Anglo-American “studies” (women studies, queer studies, postcolonial studies, etc.) are inscribed in the decades 1980/1990.
Keywords: Post-structuralism; Post-modernism; Deconstructionism; Recognition; Gift.