Antonio Gramsci e le scienze sperimentali

Camilla Sclocco

 

camilla.sclocco@gmail.com

 

 

 

Abstract:This article reconstructs the conception of experimental sciences elaborated by Gramsci in his Prison Notebooks, by means of the diachronic and historicist criteria laid out by the new season of Gramscian studies opened by the activities of the National Edition of Gramsci’s works. The first paragraph investigates the historical and cultural reasons involved in the little attention for Gramsci’s reflections on sciences and traces some passages referring to the history of Italian intellectuals between the second postwar period and the 1960s. It is found that the first interpretations in the 1950s Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (II), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Ideology Without Dupes: Althusser’s Materialist Theory of Ideology

Matthew Lampert

 

Northeast Texas Community College

Lampm414@newschool.edu

Abstract: I begin this essay by explaining several problems with ideology critique. First, it has a tendency to conflict with or undercut the goals of critical theory (Robin Celikates calls these “political-strategic” problems). Second, the theory of ideology rests on problematic ontological commitments and empirical assumptions. These charges, I argue, offer compelling reasons to reject ideology critique as a component of any emancipatory critical theory. And yet, there continues to be a distinct need for something like ideology critique within any critical social theory; we recognize many instances in which Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (III), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

La fabbrica dell’intelligibilità e il passaggio per l’immaginario. Una notation merleau-pontyana in Leggere il Capitale

Luca Pinzolo

 

Università degli studi di Milano-Bicocca

luca.pinzolo@unimib.it

 

 

 

Abstract: The reading of some passages of Reading the Capital by Louis Althusser suggests that Althusser would have recognized in Merleau-Ponty the possibility of structural causality, however folded into a – certainly conscious and intentional – ontology of the imaginary: it is in this imaginary that we mystify but, at the same time, an adequate way to think about the relationship between structure-infrastructure-superstructure can be seen. This confrontation with Merleau-Ponty’s ontology is perhaps linked to Althusser’s late admission that he had built an imaginary MarxismContinua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (III), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Ideology and Immanent Critique. On Mannheim, Althusser, and Adorno

Markus Gante & Felix Schneider

 

Ruhr-Universität Bochum
markus.gante@rub.de

 

FernUniversität in Hagen
felix.schneider@fernuni-hagen.de

 

 

 

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to distinguish between two approaches to the notion of ideology. (i) Firstly, the all-encompassing notion of ideology, which stems from a view of society as total and without exterior. The two positions we subsume under this header, regardless of their substantial differences, are the sociology of knowledge as put forward by Mannheim and the Spinozist Marxism of Althusser. We argue that both positions ultimately fail to adequately address the problems of relativism and justified Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (III), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

“Le degré d’élucidation d’un concept ne peut jamais atteindre à l’absolu”. Plasticité et fécondité du concept d’idéologie chez Karl Mannheim

Sébastien Roman

ENS de Lyon. Laboratoire Triangle UMR 5206

sbroman@free.fr

 

 

 

Abstract:Ideology and Utopia is difficult to read, due to Mannheim’s writing. Not only Mannheim expresses sometimes in an abstruse manner, but also assumes in this book the experimental nature of his thought. Indeed, the sociology of knowledge is still in its infancy. Ideology and Utopia is voluntarily a heterogeneous book, divided into chapters which are like sketches. They are essays, only essays, which are not logically linked. The concept of “Ideology” is the proof of its voluntary heterogeneity. Mannheim provides several successive definitions of Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (IV), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Bourdieu: la science des idéologies

Jacques-Louis Lantoine

 

IHRIM-ENS Lyon

jllantoine@gmail.com

 

 

 

Abstract: Despite the diffidence Pierre Bourdieu increasingly showed towards the Marxist concept of ideology, his attempt to produce a scientific explanation of ideological discourses by means of the sociological concept of field as well as his anthropology of dispositions appears as a reworking of the notion as it is found in Marx, Engels, and even Althusser’s works. Ideologies cannot be understood as mechanical effects directly caused by an infrastructure, nor as a false consciousness. Other concepts that Bourdieu proposed as substitutes, such as “symbolic violence”, “symbolic power“or “sociodicy”, may Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (IV), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Can critical theory work without the concept of ‘ideology’? A Bourdieusian alternative perspective

Corrado Piroddi

 

Tampere University

corrado.piroddi@tuni.fi

 

 

 

Abstract: Analyzing Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts of field and habitus, as well as his theory of social reproduction, the paper aims at showing how Pierre Bourdieu’s perspective constitutes a valid theoretical candidate for developing a conception of domination that aims at going beyond the ideas of ideology and false consciousness. In this respect, the paper highlights how a focus on objective and subjective structural factors can contribute to explaining the stabilization and reproduction of unfair social orders without postulating a weakening of social actors’ critical skills.

Keywords:Pierre Bourdieu, habitus, Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (IV), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Ferruccio Rossi-Landi. Per una semiotica dell’ideologia

Giorgio Borrelli

Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”

giorgioborrelli83@yahoo.it

 

 

 

Abstract: Ideology is undoubtedly one of the main themes of Ferruccio Rossi-Landi’s (1921-1985) research. Starting from different interpretative approaches, Rossi-Landi developed a semiotic analysis of this Marxian concept. In this paper I will illustrate the fundamental characteristics of Rossi-Ladi’s theory. First of all, I will consider one of his most pioneering hypothesis: Rossi-Landi proposes an innovative interpretation of the relationships between structure and superstructure, considering sign-systems as the mediating element in the relations between the two levels. Then, I will explain why Rossi-Landi consider Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (IV), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Linguaggio, ideologia e (ri)produzione: da Gramsci e Rossi-Landi alla ‘Fabbrica 4.0’

Matteo Pirazzoli & Lorenzo Lodi

Scuola Normale Superiore
lorenzo.lodi@sns.it

 

Scuola Internazionale di Alti Studi “Scienze della Cultura”- Fondazione San Carlo
matteo.pirazzoli5@studio.unibo.it

 

 

Abstract:The fundamental connection which Gramsci identifies among social praxis, language and consciousness has a common thread with the analysis of social reproduction, sign systems and ideology by Rossi-Landi. The thought of these authors is explored here, highlighting its roots in the Marxist tradition and its relations to Lukàcs’ understanding of the ‘ontology of social being’. Then, aiming to illustrate the fruitfulness and actuality of such theoretical framework, the reflections of Gramsci and Rossi-Landi are … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (V), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Anatomia della nazione. Dalla formula trinitaria alle forme della produzione di popolazione

Francesco Aloe

Chiara Stefanoni

 

Università di Bergamo

francesco.aloe@protonmail.com

chiara.stefanoni@unibg.it

 

 

 

Abstract: Following Althusser and the Neue Marx Lektüre’s approach to Marx’s critique of political economy, this article aims to reconstruct the structural anatomy of capitalist societies, showing, alongside the forms of use-value production, the necessary emergence of specific social forms of population production process along lines of race, gender and species. The analysis of the Trinity Formula shows how labour and capital appear in this enchanted world as equally necessary so much so that they constitute the anatomy of that “imaginary community” called the nation. Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (V), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Is Naturalism an Ideology?

Thomas J. Spiegel

 

Universität Potsdam

thomspiegel@uni-potsdam.de

 

 

 

Abstract:This paper argues that naturalism has a special logical status that differentiates it from other philosophical perspectives. Such a peculiar status can be grasped particularly by the expressions of the “worldview” and “ideology”. Indeed, naturalism is not just a purely philosophical thesis, but rather a current of thought that is interwoven in cultural and social processes in an unusual manner for a philosophical debate. The article proceeds as follows. Part 1 reconstructs the concept of naturalism as scientific naturalism, which can be shared both by proponents and opponents … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (V), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Il luogo neutrale: critica di un’ideologia della conoscenza

Giulia Bergamaschi

Università degli studi di Roma Tre

giulia.bergamaschi1@gmail.com

 

 

 

Abstract: This essay aims to portray and criticize the ideologic background that encompasses some current ways of thinking and, specifically, debating, that we can see spread among the public discourse. These modalities refer to the concept of neutrality. We want to represent a particular way of describing, thinking, and justifying the knowledge through a broad conception of neutrality: neutrality of the source – which can be a person or pieces of evidence; neutrality of the intentions – knowledge does not take sides, thus the supposed Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (V), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Art between Knowledge and Ideology. The Place of Ideology in Materialist Histories and Theories of Art

Jeremy Spencer

 

Camberwell College, University of the Arts London

j.c.spencer@camberwell.arts.ac.uk

 

 

Abstract:This essay deals with the art and ideology relation theoretically and historically. It considers how the relation was conceived in the work of Marxist scholars of art and culture and in Althusserian Marxism. The focus is the theorisation of this relation and this relation as the foundation for a political aesthetics and a critique of discipline of art history. This paper addresses the specificity of the art history that emerged from this relation as a methodological approach and the claim that its foregrounding enables us … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (V), NUMERO 10 | Lascia un commento

Historical examples in Hobbes’s political science

Odile Tourneux

ENS Lyon – Laboratoire Triangle UMR 5206

odile.tourneux@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

Abstract: Hobbes never has a rest to criticize speech that is full of imagery, and to blame the resort to metaphorical discourse. Words have to be unambiguous in order to reach real scientific knowledge. The project of the Elements of Philosophy relies on clear language. Nevertheless, the reader discovers many examples in the Elements, in On the Citizen and in both Leviathans. Hobbes finds in historical literature especially many stories he adds to his argumentation. If those examples simply illustrate his analysis, this rhetorical Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 10, Varia | Lascia un commento

Intervista a Franco Ferrarotti su “Ideologia, Sociologia e paesaggi piemontesi”

a cura di Emanuele Martinelli

 

 

Nota biografica: Franco Ferrarotti, nato nel 1926 a Palazzolo Vercellese, è lo studioso che massimamente ha contribuito a introdurre e a sviluppare nella cultura italiana la sociologia, quale nuova scienza storica e sociale. E’ stato il vincitore nel 1960 della prima cattedra di Sociologia messa a concorso in Italia. È stato il fondatore e l’animatore dell’Istituto di Sociologia dell’Università La Sapienza di Roma, a partire dall’anno accademico 1963/1964. Ma già nel 1951 aveva creato I Quaderni di Sociologia insieme a Nicola Abbagnano, dando vita poi nel 1967 a La Critica sociologica, Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 10, Varia | Lascia un commento

Il marxismo e la “scuola romana” di Alberto Gianquinto Un ricordo tra affetti e teorie

Roberto Finelli

 

 

 

Alberto Gianquinto è morto il 20 luglio 2020 al Policlinico (“Umberto I°) di Roma. E’ morto, sfortunatamente e dolorosamente, da solo. Non per il Covid ma a causa del Covid, perché per una polmonite è stato ricoverato e sequestrato per circa quattro mesi, nei quali gli è stato impedito, a motivo delle regole generali ospedaliere anticovid, di incontrare anche qualcuno dei suoi cari più stretti, come la moglie Hannelore o una delle sue due figlie, Barbara e Silvia. E’ morto, si può dire, come aveva sempre vissuto, come un cavaliere solitario, profondamente coerente con Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 10, Varia | Lascia un commento

Recensione a Dimitris Vardoulakis, Spinoza, the Epicurean (Edinburgh University Press, 2020)

Bernardo Bianchi

 

Universidade de São Paulo/Centre Marc Bloch, HU Berlin

 

Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 10, Recensioni | Lascia un commento

Recensione a Marta Libertà De Bastiani e Sandra Manzi-Manzi (a cura di), Amice colende. Temi, storia e linguaggio nell’epistolario spinoziano (Mimesis, 2020)

Omar Del Nonno

 

Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia

omar.delnonno@unive.it

 

 

Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 10, Recensioni | Lascia un commento

Consecutio rerum 9, anno V (1/2020-2021)

Démocratie et néolibéralisme

A cura di Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger e Carolina Verlengia

 

Continua a leggere
Pubblicato in Copertina, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

Indice

Introduzione

NATHANAËL COLIN-JAEGER et CAROLINA VERLENGIA, Les définitions néolibérales de la démocratie, entre critique et recatégorisation

Monografica

ODILE TOURNEUX, Deux conceptions néolibérales de la souveraineté et de la démocratie: aux origines de la gouvernance européenne
ARNAUD MILANESE, Les sources lippmanniennes du problème néolibéral de la démocratie: la démocratie “reconstruite” de 34
ETIENNE WIEDEMANN, La réalisation optimale de l’idéal démocratique par l’extension du marché selon Milton Friedman
NATHANAËL COLIN-JAEGER,, L’idéal démocratique contre la démocratie. Buchanan et l’économie politique constitutionnelle
THIBAUT RIOUFREYT, Destituer les citoyens, contraindre les individus. Le néo-libéralisme contre la démocratie
STEPHEN W. SAWYER, From Histories of Liberalism
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Pubblicato in Indice, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

Introduzione. Les définitions néolibérales de la démocratie, entre critique et recatégorisation

Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger et Carolina Verlengia

 

 

Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Introduzione, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

Deux conceptions néoliberales de la souveraineté et de la démocratie: aux origines de la gouvernance europeenne

Odile Tourneux

 

ENS Lyon, TRIANGLE 5206

odile.tourneux@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: Neoliberal theories and European institutions have several things in common, including being regularly criticized for their lack of appreciation for democracy. The promotion of the motive of neoliberal governance to the rank of political principle would be done in opposition to the republican model of the general will. However, it seems to us that European public policies, and the theories on which they are based, are not so much based on a negation of democracy as on a deep redefinition of the republican model of popular Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

Les sources lippmanniennes du probléme néolibéral de la démocratie: la démocratie “reconstruite“ de ’34

Arnaud Milanese

 

ENS de Lyon, TRIANGLE UMR 5206

arnaud.milanese@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: In the abundant literature on Lippmann’s neoliberalism in 1937, several studies have already examined the democratic model of The Good Society. The literature is even more abundant on the conception of democracy that arises from the Dewey-Lippmann Debate. But surprisingly, few studies look at the relation between both, and at the importance of The Method of Freedom (1934) to understand it. Written in the early years of the New Deal, this text nevertheless offers an accurate view of the long-term Lippmannian thoughts on Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

La réalisation optimale de l’idéal démocratique par l’extension du marché selon Milton Friedman

Etienne Wiedemann

 

ENS de Lyon

etienne.wiedemann@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: In Capitalism and Freedom, Milton Friedman seeks to establish that free market can be thought of as the best possible device to realize the idea of democracy for it allows all individuals to directly decide of their own existence. In order to reach such a conclusion Friedman reduces first the idea of democracy to an ideal of maximum extension of individual freedom. This reduction is based on a strong individualism and on the idea that there is an irreducible diversity of individual preferences. These same elements Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

L’idéal démocratique contre la démocratie. Buchanan et l’économie politique constitutionnelle

Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger

 

ENS  de Lyon, TRIANGLE UMR 5206, et Duke University, Center for the History of Political Economy

nathanael.colin@ens-lyon.fr

 

 

 

 

Abstract: Neoliberals are often accused of being anti-democratic theorists. Buchanan, among them, has been particularly targeted as one of the instigators of anti-democratic movements in the United-States. This article shows, through the specific example of Buchanan, how this narrative leads to a misinterpretation of the relationship between neoliberal theorists and democracy. Far from simply criticizing democracy as a tyranny of the majority or as leading to situations of negative cooperation, Buchanan proposed a new Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

Destituer les citoyens, contraindre les individus

Thibaut Rioufreyt

 

Maître de conférences en science politique, Université Lyon 2/Laboratoire Triangle UMR 5206

thibaut@rioufreyt.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: This article proposes to question the relationship between neoliberalism and democracy from three angles. Neo-liberalism is an anti-democratic project in that it aims to restrict the principle and scope of popular sovereignty so that it does not call into question the spontaneous order of the market. Moreover, neoliberal hegemony reaches the very conditions of possibility of democracy by making the constitution of a demos much more complicated. Neoliberalism constitutes in fact a regime of subjectivation, producing a neoliberal Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

From Histories of Liberalism to a History of the Demos: Toward a Democratic Critique of Neoliberalism

Stephen W. Sawyer

 

The American University of Paris

ssawyer@aup.fr

 

 

 

Abstract: This article proposes to question the relationship between neoliberalism and democracy from three angles. Neo-liberalism is an anti-democratic project in that it aims to restrict the principle and scope of popular sovereignty so that it does not call into question the spontaneous order of the market. Moreover, neoliberal hegemony reaches the very conditions of possibility of democracy by making the constitution of a demos much more complicated. Neoliberalism constitutes in fact a regime of subjectivation, producing a neoliberal subject in tension with the figure Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento

Entretien avec Christian Laval: Les métamorphoses du néolibéralisme. Retour sur une recherche

Questions et propos recueillis par Nathanaël Colin-Jaeger et Carolina Verlengia

 

 

Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 9 | Lascia un commento