Archivi autore: Redazione

Consecutio rerum, anno VI, N. 12 (2/2021-2022)

 

Temps de crise(s)

a cura di Isabelle Aubert e Sabina Tortorella

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Pubblicato in Copertina, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Indice

Editoriale

ISABELLE AUBERT ET SABINA TORTORELLA, Un présent en crise.

Monografica

ÉTIENNE BALIBAR, Mi-temps de la crise. Expériences, questions, anticipations
ELSA BANSARD, La pandémie de Covid-19 est-elle une “crise sanitaire”?
MARIE GOUPY, La signification des pouvoirs de crise économiques chez Eric Posner et Adrian Vermeule: temporalité du droit et fin de l’histoire
RAINER FORST, Zwei schlechte Hälften ergeben kein Ganzes. Zur Krise der Demokratie
SABINA TORTORELLA, L’autorité en crise. Une confrontation entre Alexandre Kojève et Hannah Arendt
GALATÉE DE LARMINAT, Gramsci, penseur de l’hégémonie en ses crises
FRANCK FISCHBACH, Critique sociale et crise écologique
NICOLAS PIQUÉ, Crise,
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Pubblicato in Indice, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Un présent en crise


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406259

 Isabelle Aubert

Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique, CPCS/NoSoPhi
(isabelle.aubert@univ-paris1.fr

 

 Sabina Tortorella

FMSH, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique, CPCS/NoSoPhi
(sabina.tortorella@gmail.com 

 

 
1. L’actualité médiatique autant que les analyses du présent menées par les sciences sociales et environnementales, la philosophie politique ou l’économie – pour ne citer que quelques disciplines – rendent compte d’un usage récurrent et inédit du terme de “crise”. À les en croire, l’époque contemporaine aurait pour trait caractéristique d’être toujours ébranlée par une ou plusieurs crise(s) […]. Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Editoriale, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Mi-temps de la crise. Expériences, questions, anticipations


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406812

 Étienne Balibar 

 Département de Philosophie, Unité de recherche Sophiapol, Université Paris Nanterre
(etiennebalibar@orange.fr)

Gideon Mendel. Chinta and Samundri Davi, Salempur Village, Bihar, India, August 2007

Interval of the Crisis. Experiences, Questions, Anticipations
 
Abstract: Written in the midst of the pandemic in 2020, this article aims to interrogate the current period of crisis and its challenges from the double meaning of the Greek term, thus highlighting the close links between medicine and politics. In the first part, the contribution focuses on the emergence of protests against state racism in the United States and on the “Black … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica I - Les crises du XXIème : des crises de société nouvelles ?, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

La pandémie de Covid-19 est-elle une “crise sanitaire”?


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406540

 Elsa Bansard 

 CNRS/MSH Paris Saclay, Laboratoire SPHERE
(elsa.bansard@ens-paris-saclay.fr)

 

Gideon Mendel. Heff and tracy Warer’s-Staines-upom-Thames, Surrey, UK, February 2014

Is the Covid-19 Pandemic a “Health Crisis”?
 
Abstract: We will question the uses of the term “crisis” on the occasion of the Covid 19 pandemic. To do so, we will analyze the discourses of researchers in the Humanities and Social Sciences in the media in France, from March 1st 2020 to June 1st 2022. The aim is to understand how the SHS have deconstructed the qualification of the pandemic as a health crisis in order to propose … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica I - Les crises du XXIème : des crises de société nouvelles ?, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

La signification des pouvoirs de crise économiques chez Eric Posner et Adrian Vermeule: temporalité du droit et fin de l’histoire


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406555

 Marie Goupy 

 Institut Catholique de Paris, LLCP-Université Paris 8
(m.goupy@icp.fr)

 

Gideon Mendel. João Peira de Argúia, Taquari District, Rio Branco, Brazil, March 2015

 
The Meaning of Emergency Economic Powers in Eric Posner and Adrian Vermeule’s Theory: Temporality of Law and End of History
 
Abstract: This paper aims to question the transformation of the legal concept of crisis, through that of emergency powers, notably linked with their extension to new fields of application, in particular, to economy. To do so, it proposes to expose the analysis of two American jurists, Eric A. Posner and Adrian … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica I - Les crises du XXIème : des crises de société nouvelles ?, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Zwei schlechte Hälften ergeben kein Ganzes. Zur Krise der Demokratie


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406831

Rainer Forst

 J. W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main, Institut für Politikwissenschaft
(forst@ em.uni-frankfurt.de) 

 

Gohar Dashti. Today’s Life and War

 
Two Bad Halves Don‘t Make a Whole. On the Crisis of Democracy
 
Abstract: This article argues that democracy is currently in a fundamental crisis, disintegrating into two halves that are both truncated and no longer able to form a whole. The first half is that of nationalist-majoritarian populism (in both right and left wing variants), which seeks to regain control of national finances as well as borders through nationalist policies. In this populist halving, … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica II - Les crises du politique, menaces pour la démocratie, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

L’autorité en crise. Une confrontation entre Alexandre Kojève et Hannah Arendt


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406847

 Sabina Tortorella

 FMSH, Chaire Ethique et Finance/Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique, CPCS/NoSoPhi
(sabina.tortorella@gmail.com)

 

 
Authority in Crisis: A Confrontation between Alexandre Kojève and Hannah Arendt
 
Abstract: Although at first glance the profiles of Hannah Arendt and Alexandre Kojève could not be more different from each other, the respective interests of the two philosophers converged around the same time on the notion of authority. In this article I aim to conduct a comparison between the two, emphasizing that their reflections find their starting point in a condition of the crisis of … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica II - Les crises du politique, menaces pour la démocratie, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Gramsci, penseur de l’hégémonie en ses crises


DOI:10.5281/zenodo.7406889

 Galatée de Larminat 

 Université Paris-I Panthéon-Sorbonne
(galatee.delarminat@gmail.com)

 

Gramsci: Reflections on Hegemony in Crisis
 
Abstract: This article seeks to explore Antonio Gramsci’s analysis of history, developed in the 20th century between both World Wars, a period of critical importance and change, much like the one we are ourselves living through. This article chooses to interrogate the notion of modernity through that of crisis, the apparent highlight of modernity’s failures. Hegemony, a central concept in the historical philosophy developed by Gramsci, is indissociable from the notion of crisis. This article argues that Gramsci’s work holds both theoretical and … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (III), NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Critique sociale et crise écologique


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406924

 Franck Fischbach 

Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne – UFR de philosophie/Centre d’Histoire des philosophies modernes de la Sorbonne, HIPHIMO, EA 1451 
(franck.fischbach@univ-paris1.fr)

 

Social Criticism and Ecological Crisis
 
Abstract: In contrast to North American eco-Marxism, whose tendency is to go back to Marx, bypassing Critical Theory and minimising its contribution, we attempt here to defend the idea that theoretical and critical resources for confronting the ecological crisis do exist in the Frankfurt tradition and that they reside in the set of means with which it has equipped itself in order to elaborate in an original way … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica (III), NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Crise, discordance des temps et strate


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406949

 Nicolas Piqué 

 Université Grenoble Alpes
(nicolas.pique@univ-grenoble-alpes.fr) 

 

Crisis, Time Discordance and Stratum
 
Abstract: The analysis of the notion of crisis leads to an alternative: to recognize it as an unsurpassable characteristic reality of modern temporality or, on the contrary, to see it only as a moment of continuous temporality. From the works of historians, the notions of time discordance and rupture will be analyzed as symptoms of a discontinuous modern temporality, making the crisis a fundamental and unsurpassable characteristic. In this theoretical framework, the notion of stratum will appear as the outcome capable of accounting … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica IV - Epistémologies de la crise : entre modernité et post-modernité, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Un gioco di specchi: il “fantasma” della crisi nella Teoria dei sistemi sociali di Niklas Luhmann


DOI: 10.5281/zenoDo.7406966

 Eugenia Gaia Esposito 

 Sapienza Università di Roma, Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche 
(eugeniagaia.esposito@uniroma1.it) 

 

Guerra in Ucraina, Mariupol, Reuters

 
A Game of Mirrors: The ‘Ghost’ of Crisis in Niklas Luhmann’s Social Systems Theory
 
Abstract: The article reconstructs the articulations that the concept of crisis (not) assumes within Niklas Luhmann’s Social systems theory. What is investigated is precisely the absence of a configuration of the phenomenon of crisis within the theory, which is the result of the general approach that Luhmann chooses to give it. In the first paragraph there is an analysis of the Social systems … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica IV - Epistémologies de la crise : entre modernité et post-modernité, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

Nostalgie metafisiche: la crisi delle scienze nell’era postmoderna


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7406991

 Giulia Bergamaschi 

 Università di Bologna
(giulia.bergamaschi5@unibo.it) 

 

Il teatro di Mariupol, Reuters

 
Metaphysical Nostalgia: the Crisis of the Sciences in the Postmodern Era
 
Abstract: By crisis of sciences we mean, on the one hand, the epistemological crisis faced after the aporias of logical neo-positivism and the crisis of foundations that invests hard sciences; on the other, the questioning of their role concerning the social contract. These two aspects intertwine and feed each other, and both are objects of the so-called ‘postmodern’ critique. In this essay we will try to describe and analyze the profound dismay … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica IV - Epistémologies de la crise : entre modernité et post-modernité, NUMERO 12 | Lascia un commento

La natura giuridica della cosa secondo il giovane Marx. Casualità, necessità e libertà negli articoli del 1842-1843


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7407003

 Guido Alimena 

 Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche, Università di Teramo
(guidoalimena@gmail.com) 

 

Jenny von Westphalen, moglie di Karl Marx

 
The Legal Nature of the Thing according to the Young Marx. Casualty, Necessity and Freedom in the Articles of 1842-184
 
Abstract: The concept of the nature of things is at the heart of the young Marx’s philosophy of law. In his articles of 1842-1843, the expression juristische Natur der Sache alludes to an ontological and rational structure of law from which the legislator cannot deviate. The law will concretely be a universal and rational form when it … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 12, Varia | Lascia un commento

Il rapporto sociale «che si presenta in una cosa». Legge del valore, carattere di feticcio e metodo della critica dell’economia politica: una lettura del primo capitolo del Capitale


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7407033

 Federico Simoni

 Università di Bologna
(federico.simoni3@studio.unibo.it) 

 

The social relationship «presenting itself in a thing». Law of value, fetish-character and the method of the Critique of political economy: an interpretation of the first chapter of Capital

 
Abstract: The first chapter of Marx’s Capital revolves around the connection between the criticism of commodity fetishism (arising from the non-illusory fetish-character of commodities and money) and the theory of its value. The latter seeks to explain the very commodity-form of the product of labour; the former, its distorted, naturalized and abstract manifestation at the cognitive ‘surface’ of modern market … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 12, Varia | Lascia un commento

Ordinamenti e sguardo antropologico. SuOrdoliberalismo di Adelino Zanini


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7409036

 Ubaldo Fadini 

 

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Pubblicato in NUMERO 12, Recensioni e segnalazioni | Lascia un commento

Silvio Maresca, Socialtotalitarismo (Armando, Roma 2021) e La doppiezza dell’Occidente (Armando, Roma 2022)


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7409079

Roberto Finelli

 
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Pubblicato in NUMERO 12, Recensioni e segnalazioni | Lascia un commento

Jacopo Nicola Bergamo, Marxismo ed Ecologia. Origine e sviluppo di un dibattito globale (ombre corte, Verona 2022)


DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7409112

Paolo Murrone

 

 

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Pubblicato in NUMERO 12, Recensioni e segnalazioni | Lascia un commento

Consecutio rerum 11, anno VI (1/2021-2022)

Il centenario di Psicologia delle masse e analisi dell’Io

 a cura di Roberto Finelli e Luca Micaloni 

 

 … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Copertina, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Indice

 Editoriale 

ROBERTO FINELLI & LUCA MICALONI, Il centenario di Psicologia delle masse e analisi dell’Io di S. Freud. Psicoanalisi della storia o scienza della storia?

Monografica 

MARCO GATTO, Masse postmoderne. Considerazioni su feticismo e dispotismo nel tempo dell’estetizzazione amministrata 
ROBERTO FINELLI, Il Nome del Padre: da primo(-rdiale) finisce coll’arrivare sempre per ultimo 
JENS DE VLEMINCK, Peace Through Law? Freud, Einstein, and Kelsen on the Violence of Right 
ANA MELÉNDEZ, La dinámica del trauma en relación a la identidad colectiva 
LEONARDO DIPRIMA, Mass Manipulation and Group Performance. Adorno’s ‘Freudian’ Theory of Fascism
MARCO SOLINAS, Il populismo come regressione.
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Pubblicato in Indice, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Il centenario di Psicologia delle masse e analisi dell’Io di S. Freud. Psicoanalisi della storia o scienza della storia?

Roberto Finelli & Luca Micaloni 

 


1. Lo scorso anno è caduto il centesimo anniversario di Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse, il testo pubblicato da Freud nel 1921 sulla psicologia collettiva e la cui composizione s’intreccia profondamente con la stesura di Al di là del principio di piacere, apparso qualche mese prima nel 1920. La nostra rivista dedica il suo numero 11, nella sezione monografica, al tema di questa ricorrenza, avendovi visto una occasione da non perdere per tornare a riflettere sulla questione del rapporto tra psicoanalisi e storia e su quella, ad essa intrinseca, della relazione tra psicologia … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Editoriale, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Masse postmoderne. Considerazioni su feticismo e dispotismo nel tempo dell’estetizzazione amministrata

Marco Gatto

 Università della Calabria (marco.gatto@unical.it)


Abstract: Re-reading Freud masterwork on Mass Psychology, the article explores the transformations of some analytical categories as “mass”, “individual”, “fetish object”, with an emphasis to the contemporary Italian context and, more generally, to the turning point of late capitalism. Fetishism is seen in relation to the Aestheticization of daily life and to the process of transitional agglomeration around a temporary ideological target.
Keywords: Freud; Adorno; Fetishism; Capitalism; Aestheticization.
 
 … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Il Nome del Padre: da primo(-rdiale) finisce coll’arrivare sempre per ultimo

 Roberto Finelli

 Università degli Studi Roma Tre (roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it)


Abstract: The essay intends to critically examine the difficulties of the passage in Freudian thought from individual psychology to collective psychology. The basic thesis is that in the thought of the Viennese master there is too easy a projection of the first on the second. The thesis of the primitive horde and the dominant male configures, according to the author, a birth of the history and primitive socialization of human beings established on physical force alone. In this way, and in a paradoxical way for Freud’s own humanism, a magical-symbolic-cultural … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Peace Through Law? Freud, Einstein, and Kelsen on the Violence of Right

Jens De Vleminck

 KU Leuven – Institute of Philosophy (jens.devleminck@kuleuven.be)


Abstract: This article scrutinizes Sigmund Freud’s Why War? (1933) by taking it as the focal point to explore the Freudian conception of violence. According to Freud, violence is intrinsically connected with the constitution of right. What is at stake in Freud’s reflections is this very specific dynamic relation of violence and right, being equally important in his dispute with Albert Einstein. The debate between Freud and Einstein is problematized by confronting it with the legal philosophy of Hans Kelsen. Special attention is given to Kelsen’s critical review of … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

La dinámica del trauma en relación a la identidad colectiva

Ana Meléndez

 Universidad de Valencia (ana.melendez@uv.es)


Abstract: This articles attempts to show how the discovery of the “death drive” is central to understand the Freudian conception of the human condition: to this drive can be attributed the source of destruction that threatens coexistence – when it goes outward – , as much as the possibility of it and a kind of pathological suffering – when it goes inward as a moral conscience. This will guide Freud not only towards a new understanding of trauma, but also towards a novel reinterpretation of social life. In his late work Freud … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Mass Manipulation and Group Performance. Adorno’s ‘Freudian’ Theory of Fascism

Leonardo Diprima

 Ricercatore indipendente (leonardo.diprima96@gmail.com)


Abstract: This article provides an overview of Adorno’s adoption of Freudian group psychology in “Freudian Theory and the Pattern of Fascist Propaganda” and other works – and the application of its tenets to fascism and fascist propaganda. Adorno conceives of the latter as the artificial, instrumental activation of collective psychology for political purposes. Fascist leaders employ rhetorical techniques that are devoid of programmatic content, but that are modeled after Freudian psychology. Adorno also revisits Freudian psychology: he sticks to its central theoretical tenets but applies them to fascism against the backdrop of a … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Il populismo come regressione. Sull’attualità della psicoanalisi politica di Franz Neumann

Marco Solinas

 Scuola Universitaria Superiore Sant’Anna di Pisa (marco.solinas@santannapisa.it)


Abstract: The paper aims to give an account of the actuality of Neumann’s conception of the forms of psychological and political regression in relation to the thematization of populism. In particular, the paper aims to develop a conception of populism as regression starting form Neumann’s theoretical insights. The psychoanalytical sides of Neumann’s political theory is here analyzed starting from his essay Angst und Politik. Neumann’s conception of the forms of political anxiety in the contest of right radical political movements is developed looking at the current debate on … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento

Ambivalent Identifications: Narcissism, Melancholia, and Sublimation

Delia Popa & Iaan Reynolds

 Delia Popa: Villanova University (delia.popa@villanova.edu); 

Iaan Reynolds: Villanova University (christiaan.reynolds@villanova.edu) 

 


Abstract: Beginning with Freud’s treatment of identification as an ambivalent process, we explore identification’s polarization between narcissistic idealization and melancholic division. While narcissistic identification can be seen as a strategy adopted by the ego to avoid the educational development of its drives and to maintain itself either in whole or in part in an infantile state, melancholic identification activates a tension between the ego-ideal and the real ego at the expense of the latter. After discussing the ambivalence of identification, we review … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica, NUMERO 11 | Lascia un commento