La teoria marxiana dell’esercito industriale di riserva come teoria della politica economica


Guglielmo Forges Davanzati*

Università del Salento
guglielmo.forges@unisalento.it

 
 
Abstract: This paper deals with the relation between labour market deregulation and the path of employment in Italy, based on Marx’s theory of the industrial reserve army. It will be shown that the increase in labour flexibility negatively affected the employment rate in the 2000s. Moreover, it is argued that as unemployment increases, workers’ bargaining power decreases not only in the labour market but also in the political arena, allowing the Government to implement further policies of labour flexibility. The evidence confirms this conjecture.
 
Keywords: Marx; … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

L’accumulazione originaria: genesi del modo di produzione capitalistico tra storia e struttura


Sebastiano Taccola

Normal School of Pisa
sebastiano.taccola@sns.it

 
 
 
Abstract: This paper proposes a re-examination of the Marxian primitive accumulation. In the first two parts, I will sum up the Marxian exposition of the primitive accumulation as a diachronic process, which is capable to explain the historical genesis of the capitalist mode of production, especially as it took place in England (through the Enclosures Acts, the clearing of the estates, and so on). Then, I will focus on the permanence of this kind of accumulation, on the one hand (part three), as a lever that drives the … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

Da Hegel a Marx: fenomenologia dello Stato moderno capitalistico


Carla Maria Fabiani*

carla_fab@libero.it

 
 
Abstract: In Chapter 24 of the first book of Capital, Marx deals with the modern capitalist State, emphasizing the existence of complex factors which affect it. The theoretical basis of his reflection is to be found in Hegel’s Phenomenology. He points out the violent methods that the State use against workers – the eslege proletariat – and the subsumtpion of the State to capital.
 
Keywords: State, capital, system, rabble, eslege proletariat, pauperism
 
 
 
1. Definire lo Stato: prima Hegel e poi Marx
 
È bene soffermarsi su … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | 1 commento

Divagazioni intorno al 25° capitolo del I Libro del Capitale


Edoarda Masi (1927 – 2011)*

 
 
 
Abstract: This paper deals with Marx’s theory of colonization. It is argued that – in constrast with E.G. Wakefield’s view – Marx proposed a complete a consistent approach to the role of colonization in the dynamics of capital reproduction. In particular, he emphasized the transformation of free men in “underdeveloped” economies into wage workers.
 
Keywords: primitive accumulation; colonization; imperialism; China
 
 
 
1. Una lettura
 
Non riassumo il capitolo 25°, che è abbastanza breve e – mi sembra – di facile lettura. Marx è interessato … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in NUMERO 5, Rileggere il primo libro del Capitale | Lascia un commento

Money as Money: Suzanne de Brunhoff’s Marxist Monetary Theory


Rebecca Carson*

Kingston University, London
k1436908@kingston.ac.uk

 
Abstract: This article proposes the necessity to return to Suzanne de Brunhoff’s Marxist monetary theory in order to conceptualise the relationship between production and social reproduction within financialised capitalist social relations. De Brunhoff maintains a commitment to understanding «money as money» or money as an independent variable, with a focus on a monetary theory of credit. By representing un-valorised value, credit money cannot simply be understood as representative of reified forms of value and therefore corresponding subjection to the form cannot be interpreted from the point of view of the … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Letture, NUMERO 5 | Lascia un commento

Some Additional Reflexions on the Viewpoint of Suzanne de Brunhoff about the Critique of Political Economy


Etienne Balibar

Université Paris-Ouest Nanterre / Kingston University, London
e.balibar@kingston.ac.uk

 
 
Bio-note: Etienne Balibar is Emeritus Professor of Political Philosophy at Université Paris-Ouest Nanterre, and currently Anniversary Chair of Modern European Philosophy at Kingston University, London. His published works include Reading Capital (1965), with Louis Althusser and others (new complete translation: Verso, 2016), and Citizen Subject. Foundations for Philosophical Anthropology, Fordham University Press, 2017.
 
 
 
In this postscript to Rebecca Carson’s excellent essay, with which I have only points of agreement, I will not repeat what I had the possibility to write in a previous … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Letture, NUMERO 5 | Lascia un commento

Il mondo mistico del Capitale: scienza, critica e rivoluzione in Lucio Colletti


Gianluca Pozzoni*

Università degli Studi di Milano
gianluca.pozzoni@unimi.it

 
 
Abstract: Taking the cue from some of Lucio Colletti’s unpublished letters and writings, this article will focus on Colletti’s work from the 1967-1973 period. Here, Colletti interprets Marx’s theory of value in terms of a «real abstraction» – i.e. in terms of the alienation of individual private labours. By turning this abstraction into an object and by reifying it, capital becomes for Colletti an inherently “upside-down” social reality, whose knowledge can only be acquired through the critique and upturning of its idealism. The originality of Colletti’s Marxism … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Letture, NUMERO 5 | Lascia un commento

The Logic of Capital. Interview with Chris Arthur


Christopher Arthur

(Formerly of the) University of Sussex
arthurcj@waitrose.com

 

Luca Micaloni

Sapienza Università di Roma
luca.micaloni@uniroma1.it

 
 
Bio-note: Christopher J. Arthur (1940 – ) studied at the universities of Nottingham and Oxford. For 25 years he taught Philosophy at the University of Sussex, UK. He is the author of: The New Dialectic and Marx’s Capital (2002), and of Dialectics of Labour: Marx and his Relation to Hegel (1986). He edited and introduced: The German Ideology by Marx and Engels (1970; revised 1974); Law and Marxism by E. B. Pashukanis (third imprint, 1989); Engels Today: A Centenary AppreciationContinua a leggere

Pubblicato in Letture, NUMERO 5 | Lascia un commento

Moishe Postone’s New Reading of Marx: the Critique of Political Economy as a Critical Theory of the Historically Specific Social Form of Labor


Chris O’Kane

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY
cokane@jjay.cuny.edu

 
 
Abstract: This article examines Moishe Postone’s new reading of the critique of political economy. Part One contextualizes the underlying justification of Postone’s interpretation of Marx by discussing his critique of traditional marxism and frankfurt school critical theory. Part Two exposits Postone’s interpretation of the fundamental categories of Capital in Time, Labor and Social Domination from this perspective: arguing that Postone attempts to rejuvenate Marxian critical theory by conceiving of the critique of political economy as a critique of the historically specific and contradictory dynamic of abstract … Continua a leggere

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The Adventures of Vergesellschaftung


Riccardo Bellofiore

Università degli Studi di Bergamo
riccardo.bellofiore@unibg.it

 
 
 
Abstract: This paper engages in a dialogue with opposite approaches whose importance is that they take seriously the issues of abstract labour and capitalist ‘socialisation’ (Vergesellschaftung). On the one side there is Michael Heinrich’s view about the Marxian ‘monetary theory of value’, stressing the nachträgliche Vergesellschaftung, whereas abstract labour exists only in monetary circulation of commodities, hence in ex post ‘socialisation’, within a non-commodity money approach. On the other side, there is Roberto Finelli, insisting that labour is already immediately fully ‘social’. This latter position is untenable … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Letture, NUMERO 5 | Lascia un commento

Consecutio Rerum, Anno 2, n. 4: Aprile 2018


Patologie sociali

Percorsi nella teoria critica contemporanea

(a cura di Giorgio Fazio)

 
 

 
 … Continua a leggere

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Indice

Editoriale

Giorgio Fazio: Patologie sociali. Itinerari nella teoria critica contemporanea

Monografica

Roberto Finelli: L’estenuazione democratica della Scuola di Francoforte. Note critiche su Axel Honneth e Rahel Jaeggi
 
Rahel Jaeggi: Patologie del lavoro
 
Martin Saar: La forma del potere. Immanenza e critica
 
Arvi Särkelä, Arto Laitinen: Tra normativismo e naturalismo: Honneth sul concetto di “patologia sociale”
 
Corrado Piroddi: Patologie della società e filosofia sociale: nuove prospettive dalla Finlandia
 
Emmanuel Renault: Critica sociale e conoscenza
 
Jean-Philippe Deranty: Una materialità rimossa: recuperare il materialismo nella teoria del riconoscimento di
Continua a leggere
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Patologie sociali. Itinerari nella teoria critica contemporanea


Giorgio Fazio

Università di Roma “La Sapienza”
giorgiofazio77@gmail.com

 
 
1. Una quarta generazione della Scuola di Francoforte, non più solo tedesca
 
È merito di Axel Honneth, l’esponente di spicco della cosiddetta terza generazione della Scuola di Francoforte, aver rilanciato nel dibattito filosofico e sociologico degli ultimi anni il concetto di “patologie sociali”, offrendo così un quadro di raccordo teorico a tutto un filone di ricerca, che tuttora alimenta alcune delle direzioni più vivaci e avvertite del pensiero critico contemporaneo.

A partire dall’importante saggio del 1996 Patologie del sociale, in cui per la prima volta si è … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Editoriale | Lascia un commento

L’estenuazione democratica della Scuola di Francoforte. Note critiche su Axel Honneth e Rahel Jaeggi


Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi RomaTre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The essay intends to present critical considerations on some limits and fragilities of the thought of Axel Honneth and Rahel Jaeggi, respectively. The Author maintains that the abandonment of the dialectical tradition, which is fully apparent in both authors, produces remarkable theoretical problems. Their strong exposure to the influence of American pragmatism and the acceptance, especially by Jaeggi, of Helmuth Plessner’s anthropology of indeterminacy, leads to an excessive emphasis on intersubjective relations and to a too simplified view of the infrasubjective complexity of human individuality. The … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | 1 commento

Patologie del lavoro


Rahel Jaeggi

Humboldt Universität, Berlin
rahel.jaeggi@staff.hu-berlin.de

 
 
 
Abstract: Considering “pathologies of work” in the context of a historico-normative reconstruction of the meaning of work as social cooperation, the paper intends to establish a connection between a number of different problems. These include the continued existence of exploitation and alienation as well as the precariousness of work and long-term unemployment. Borrowing a phrase from Hegel, work is conceived as “sharing, participating or partaking in the universal resources of society”, where “resources” include wealth as well as competencies. e above-mentioned pathologies of work can then be understood as … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

La forma del potere. Immanenza e critica


Martin Saar

Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
saar@em.uni-frankfurt.de

 
 
 
Abstract: Foucault’s analysis of power is still a key topic in contemporary social-political discussions. Insofar as power is inherent in every field of society, it permeates and shapes every social relationship. Consequently, freedom, the possibility of action and subjectivity can no longer be conceived as independent of power and opposed to it, but rather they turn out to be intrinsically connected to power. The aim of this article is to show that Foucault’s analysis and critique of power (understood as a theory of the “multiple forms” and of … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Tra normativismo e naturalismo: Honneth sul concetto di “patologia sociale”


Arvi Särkelä

University of Lucerne
arvi.saerkelae@unilu.ch

Arto Laitinen

University of Tampere, UTA
arto.laitinen@uta.fi

 
 
 
Abstract: Axel Honneth has revitalized the notion of “social pathology” as a critical concept for social philosophy and Critical Theory; he has even defined the task of social philosophy in terms of pathology diagnosis and that of Critical Theory as a diagnosis and therapy of social pathology. Social philosophy is then oriented towards a “deeper” layer of reality, a “higher” order of wrongs or the “society itself”. This level, which marks the jurisdiction of a distinctively social philosophy, would not be reached … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Patologie della società e filosofia sociale: nuove prospettive dalla Finlandia


Corrado Piroddi

University of Jyväskylä / University of Tampere
copirodd@student.jyu.fi

 
 
 
Abstract: The main aim of the paper is to illustrate the distinctive features of the Finnish school of critical theory and social philosophy. In this respect, it will provide a concise description of the philosophical work of some of its members: Onni Hirvonen, Heikki Ikäheimo, Arto Laitinen and Arvi Särkelä. In the first part, we will try to describe the ways these scholars have reinterpreted Axel Honneth’s paradigm of recognition. In the second part, we will clarify how the Finnish theoreticians have discussed Honneth’s reflections … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Critica sociale e conoscenza


Emmanuel Renault

Université Paris-X Nanterre
e.renault@u-paris10.fr

 
 
 
Abstract: In the first generation of the Frankfurt School, critical theory was promoting a strong interconnection between social critique and knowledge of the social world. Just as Marx considered that a critique of capitalism was impossible without a systematic knowledge of its laws, transformations and contradictions, so too Horkheimer and Adorno were convinced that social critique should be grounded on social theory. It is simply a fact that in contemporary critical theory, such a conviction does not play a role anymore. Critical theory has not only subjected itself to … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Una materialità rimossa: recuperare il materialismo nella teoria del riconoscimento di Axel Honneth


Jean-Philippe Deranty

Macquarie University, Sydney
jp.deranty@mq.edu.au

 
 
 
Abstract: This paper attempts to accomplish two related tasks: a genealogical, exegetical one and a programmatic one. The genealogical reconstruction of Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition serves the aim of making a few propositions for the continuation of the project of a critical theory of society. The first task is guided by the purpose of highlighting the materialist background against which Axel Honneth’s ethics of recognition grew. The beginnings of the theory of recognition lie in the assumption that historical materialism could be salvaged if it was re-grounded in … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Teleologie senza Spirito? Sui deficit politici della filosofia della storia di Honneth

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Marco Solinas

Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa
marco.solinas@santannapisa.it

 
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to show that Honneth’s philosophy of history is teleological in a narrow sense. This teleological character is problematic for the theory of the struggle for recognition, for the conception of history as such, and for the methodology of the normative reconstruction. In particular, the teleological conception gives to the theory of recognition a historical form that points out a unilateral character. Furthermore, the teleological neo-Hegelian methodology of normative reconstruction seems to adopt a too stark trust in the progress of human societies faced … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Dalla critica ricostruttivo-immanente della modernità alla genealogia del neoliberalismo. Axel Honneth e i problemi di una teoria critica della società oggi


Giorgio Fazio

Università di Roma “La Sapienza”
giorgiofazio77@gmail.com

 
 
 
Abstract:The article reconstructs Axel Honneth’s attempt to reformulate the original model of immanent critique of the first generation of Frankfurt’s School. Moving from the lesson of Habermas, Honneth clarified the socio-theoretical, philosophical and political problems that underlied this model of social criticism, but he also defended it as a valid alternative to other models of social criticism, which are prevalent today. The attempt to reformulate an immanent critique of society leads in Freedom’s Right into the innovative methodology of normative reconstruction, on which is based the ambitious … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Habermas, Honneth e il problema di una critica immanente del lavoro


Luca Micaloni

Università degli Studi RomaTre / Istituto italiano per gli studi filosofici
luca.micaloni@gmail.com

 
 
 
Abstract: This article offers a critical reconstruction of Axel Honneth’s arguments for an immanent critique of labour. After giving an outline of the significance, in regard to Honneth’s social theory, of two crucial distinctions set forth by Jürgen Habermas (namely, that between work and interaction and that between System and Lebenswelt), the Author shows how Honneth’s conception has shifted from the initial search for a ‘critical notion of labour’ focused on the characteristics of working activity to a critical view … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

La passione della critica. Considerazioni dialettiche su patologie sociali, distopia e amore


Federica Gregoratto

St. Gallen Universität
federica.gregoratto@unisg.ch

 
 
 
Abstract: It seems that the idea of social pathology has recently become unavoidable, within the Frankfurter tradition of critical theory, to pinpoint the wrongs of the socio-historical present. In this article, I would like to frame this new keyword not as an absolute negative, which has to be conceptually sharply separated from the healthy state, but rather as a negative that serves as disruptive, and thus critical and transformative element in a social order conceived of in organicistic terms. The following considerations rely mostly upon Adorno’s dialectical method, which … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Axel Honneth e i presupposti della reificazione


Matteo Gargani

Università degli Studi di Urbino, “Carlo Bo”
matteogargani22@gmail.com

 
 
 
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to deal with some aspects of Axel Honneth’s reading of reification faced in his 2005 Verdinglichung. Eine Anerkennungstheoretische Studie. To this purpose, I critically analyse the interpretation of Marx by Lukács as it is expressed in Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. Secondly, I claim that Lukács’ fetishism analysis is grounded in a significant misunderstanding of the core issue of Marx’s Critique of political economy. Furthermore, I suggest that Honneth’s reification concept uncritically accepts, to … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Patologie del lavoro femminile. Recensione a Tania Toffanin, Fabbriche invisibili. Storie di donne, lavoranti a domicilio, Verona, ombre corte, 2016


Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi RomaTre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. L’ideologia della domesticità
 
Il libro di Tania Toffanin, Fabbriche invisibili. Storie di donne, lavoranti a domicilio (Ed. Ombre corte, Verona 2016), appare come una delle più riuscite ed efficaci mediazioni tra critica femminista e critica marxiana dell’economia politica. Questo testo è infatti una testimonianza, assai ben argomentata e meditata, di come si possa dar vita e sviluppo ad una ricerca e a una cultura sulle donne e delle donne, senza necessità di finire col contrapporre “spiritualismo” di Genere e “materialismo” di … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Recensioni e segnalazioni | Lascia un commento

Un nuovo Engels per un nuovo Marx. Recensione a Giovanni Sgro’, Friedrich Engels e il punto d’approdo della filosofia classica tedesca, Napoli-Salerno, Orthotes Editrice, 2017


Stefano Breda

Freie Universität Berlin

 
 
 
 
 
 
Nel numero 7/2017 de «Il Ponte» è stata pubblicata una mia recensione a Sgro’ (2016). In tale sede mettevo tra l’altro in evidenza come l’opera – un’utile panoramica sulle principali novità degli ultimi decenni in campo marxologico – facesse nascere il desiderio di conoscere più nel dettaglio le posizioni teoriche personali dell’autore (cfr. Breda 2017, 123). Col libro Friedrich Engels e il punto d’approdo della filosofia classica tedesca, uscito presso Orthotes nel 2017, Sgro’ ha ora esaudito almeno in parte quel desiderio.

In quest’opera si ritrovano, … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Recensioni e segnalazioni | Lascia un commento

Una mistica della trasformazione. Recensione a Emiliano Alessandroni, Potenza ed eclissi di un sistema, Milano, Mimesis, 2016


Valerio Marconi

Università degli Studi di Urbino “Carlo Bo”
valerio.marconi92@gmail.com

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Potenza ed eclissi di un sistema e il problema del divenire
 
Potenza ed eclissi di un sistema. Hegel e i fondamenti della trasformazione[1], come sintetizza mirabilmente Remo Bodei, si pone la seguente domanda: «Che cosa è, in senso rigoroso, il Divenire e quale il suo rapporto con l’Essere?» (Bodei 2016, 9). Tale domanda non può non far pensare a quella che probabilmente è la più radicale negazione del divenire nella storia del pensiero occidentale, la filosofia di … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Recensioni e segnalazioni | Lascia un commento