Archivi autore: webmaster

Editoriale. Il caleidoscopio della psiche

Mariannina Failla

 

 

Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Il mondo perduto. Follia e senso comune nell’Antropologia di Kant

Francesca Fantasia

Humboldt Universität zu Berlin/Università degli studi di Palermo.
francescafantasia@hotmail.com



Abstract: This paper aims at foregrounding the Kantian conception of mental illness as a “disorder and deviation from the rule of the use of reason” (AA 07:216) and thus to examine this peculiar meaning of mental illness as a pathology of consciousness, where the latter is understood as the central structure of subjectivity guiding its theoretical, practical, and aesthetic actions. The starting point of this analysis is Kant’s systematic presentation of mental illnesses in his Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (1798), which I will explore … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Il contributo dello studio delle malattie magnetiche al superamento del dualismo anima-corpo. Una lettura hegeliana

Caterina Maurer

Università di Trento
caterina.maurer@gmail.com


Abstract: This paper aims to show how Hegel’s interest in magnetic pathologies led him to focus on the mind-body problem as well as on the relation between rationality and preconsciousness. By analyzing the physiological side or basis of the magnetic state, it will emerge that these pathologies afflict both mind (Seele) and body. A closer look at the description of the organic disease given in the Philosophy of Nature will reveal that the psychic pathologies that Hegel describes in the Anthropology result from an uncontrolled reactivation of the subject’s preconscious … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Dormire, vegliare e sognare: le vie della follia nell’antropologia di Hegel

Mariannina Failla

Università degli Studi Roma Tre
mariannina.failla@uniroma3.it



Abstract: The essay starts from the role that the sleep/wake relationship plays in the sentimental dynamics: perceptive and judgmental, therefore at the dawn of the forms of self-awareness of the individual soul. We are in the context of the concrete feeling of self. In this context madness involves the contrast between the organic relationality of each psycho-body activity, what we could indicate as the totality of the concrete feeling of self, and sclerotization and fixation in the perceptual particularity imposed by the body to the idealizing activity of the soul. … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Nelle pieghe del soggettivo. La trama longitudinale e trasversale dello psichico

Rossella Bonito Oliva

Università degli Studi l’Orientale di Napoli



Abstract: Philosophy of the Subjective Spirit is an important theme in Hegel’s work. It thoroughly permeated his studies: a matter of continuous reworking in its specific subject. It is recalled in the philosophies of law, religion, history, and in the science of logic. Each of these moments, from soul to spirit, from unconscious to spirit, requires the philosopher’s observation and attention. It is not about creating a hierarchy or a progression, but rather observing an open scene, in which adventures and misadventures of Subjectivity evolve. This activity involves exploring … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

La crisi della malinconia. Philosophie e medicina in Philippe Pinel

Fabio A. Sulpizio

Università del Salento
fabio.sulpizio@unisalento.it



Abstract: For Philippe Pinel, the concept of melancholy is one of the key methods for understanding not only a specific mental illness but also the new map of mental alienation. However, as Hegel shows in his work, the madness is not only a moment of growth in the history of the mind, but also a pattern of scientific intellect that builds a new science of the mind that is a science of humanity. It is the melancholy, however, with its complex and rich history, which represents the testbed of the nascent … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Dialektisch-spekulatives Konzept der psychischen Norm in der Psychoanalyse

Sehrii Gryshkan

Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Sergej.grischkan@googlemail.com



Abstract: There is a controversial question in psychology in general and in psychoanalysis in particular concerning the definition of what is a psychic norm. This article aims to make a contribution to this discussion. The thesis of the article could be formulated in the following way: The psychic norm in Freud’s works corresponds to dialectic-speculative processes whereas the pathological, although it is also dialectic in its essence, does not reach a speculative level. I support this thesis in the following way: (1) Firstly, I briefly summarize what Hegel means by positive-rational or … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Una metafisica troppo ‘nobile’ del desiderio: A. Kojève e J. Lacan

Roberto Finelli

Università di Roma Tre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it


Light Shadow Balls Study by Karkade on DeviantArt

 

Abstract: It is indisputable the enormous influence on French culture that had the Hegelian reading advanced by A. Kojève during the 30s of the last century. Finelli’s essay intends to criticize the basic approach of the Russian-French author and his claim to place the dialectical relationship of lord and servant at the beginning of history. Finelli’s aim is to demonstrate that the “absolute denial”, assigned to the lord in the Phenomenology of the spirit, cannot be a presupposition, as Kojève thought, but can only be a “place”, historically determined, … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Real and immanence in cinema

Daniela Angelucci

Università di Roma Tre
dangelucci@uniroma3.it


Abstract: The pair Real and Immanence makes reference to two concepts employed respectively by the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan and the philosopher Gilles Deleuze. My proposal is that there is a strong affinity between these two concepts, and that they can contribute to clarifying a specific capacity of art, in particular that of cinema. According to scholars who criticize the application of psychoanalysis to the arts, psychoanalysis always misses what should be its object – the work of art – studying the artist’s unconscious (or characters’ unconscious) or the unconscious of the … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Hegel and Foucault on Rameau’s Nephew. The Discrimen between Madness and Mental Illness as Biopolitical Threshold

Ugo Balzaretti

Institut des Humanités dans la Médecine, Université de Lausanne – CHUV
ugobalzaretti@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: In dealing with the Hegelian conception of folly, Michel Foucault does not focus primarily on the anthropology of the Encyclopedia that praised Philippe Pinel’s therapeutic revolution. Foucault is more interested in the Phenomenology of Spirit and in its interpretation of Diderot’s satire Rameau’s Nephew. Accordingly, he investigates madness not on the basis of the soul as the still natural state of consciousness, but rather in the heart of the spirit itself when it is already articulated as social praxis, language and … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

La presenza alienata. Follia e slancio morale in Ernesto De Martino

Francesco Lesce

Università della Calabria
francescolesce@libero.it



Abstract: In De Martino’s work pathological alienation is defined as the modus particular to a sick mind, which exposes the human presence to the extreme risk of a crisis that the sane mind is called to avert incessantly. It is within this horizon that culture becomes the instrument of a constant struggle against folly’s annihilating interference in history. It is, however, insufficient to elicit the issue of folly without specifying that in De Martino folly evokes the extreme limit of a crisis varyingly articulated on multiple levels. In the rereading of these … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Le ambivalenze e i paradossi della rivoluzione dei diritti: una storia filosofica e politica

Francesco Fistetti

Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro
fistetti49@gmail.com



Abstract: The object of this essay is the paradox of the philosophical and political history that emerged from May 1968. The instances of liberation, born under the pressure of that epochal event and aimed at the destruction of the traditional authoritarian morality (divorce, abortion, feminism, LGBT* movements, etc.), have been emptied of their original emancipatory content and caught by the abstract logic of the market. For a sort of irony of history, the revolution of subjective rights has been turned upside down in new forms of subjugation and … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Le radici del riconoscimento. Un viaggio con Axel Honneth nella storia delle idee europea

Eleonora Piromalli

Università di Roma Sapienza
eleonora.piromalli@yahoo.com



Abstract: This article focuses on Axel Honneth’s latest book, Recognition: A European History of Ideas. I summarize Honneth’s reconstruction of the three models of recognition that he associates respectively with the French, the British and the German theoretical tradition, and his attempt at integrating the German model with the other two. In retracing Honneth’s itinerary through the development of the idea of recognition, I also present some objections: these concern Honneth’s neglect, in Recognition, of the philosophy of the first French and British socialists, as well as the fact … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Negare il negativo. La funzione ‘mascheratrice’ della religione

Sergio Fabio Berardini

Università degli Studi di Trento
sergio.berardini@unit.it



Abstract: In this paper, after considering the difference between Bergson and Heidegger in interpreting the problem of ‘nothing’, I will opt for Bergson’s viewpoint which claims that the ‘nothing’ is just a pseudo-idea originated by the linguistic faculty of negation. Then I will consider Wittgenstein and Croce’s approach to such a problem, which consists in using logic in order to dissolve it. Finally, I will interpret religion as an alternative way by which the ‘nothing’ is removed by concealing it.
 
Keywords: Henri Bergson; Benedetto Croce; Martin Heidegger; … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Narrating Trauma

Valeria Neglia

Università degli Studi di Palermo
negliavaleria@gmail.com



 
Abstract: This essay treats of the therapeutic role of narrative in trauma survivors’ path to recovery, as described by the psychiatrist Judith Herman in her Trauma and Recovery. It underlines the analogies between Herman’s scientific acquisitions, reflecting her clinical work with victims of domestic violence, veterans and political prisoners, on the one hand, and Paul Ricoeur’s theory of the circle of triple mimesis, on the other. Furthermore, the essay compares Herman’s view of forgiveness as impossible “exorcism” of the traumatic experience, with the post-Holocaust debate about forgiveness, referring … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Fenomenologica e logica nel pensiero di Bertrando Spaventa

Marco Diamanti

marco.diamanti@uniroma1.it
Sapienza Università di Roma-FernUniversität in Hagen



Abstract: The paper is based on the question of the relationship between phenomenology and logic to offer a first general view about the problem of the origin of dialectic in the thought of Bertrando Spaventa. Metaphysics, according with its most ancient and noble function, could still offer the instruments to arrive at the truth, but only provided that the work on the foundation of realism, which identify in the sensitive perception the “bridge” which conduct from the being to the knowledge, and that affirm the identity of the content … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

Recensione a Francesco Tibursi, Figure della ragione (Mimesis, 2019)

Luca Micaloni

Università di Roma Sapienza
luca.micaloni@uniroma1.it


Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in _NUMERO 7 | Lascia un commento

L’estenuazione democratica della Scuola di Francoforte. Note critiche su Axel Honneth e Rahel Jaeggi


Roberto Finelli

Università degli Studi RomaTre
roberto.finelli@uniroma3.it

 
 
 
Abstract: The essay intends to present critical considerations on some limits and fragilities of the thought of Axel Honneth and Rahel Jaeggi, respectively. The Author maintains that the abandonment of the dialectical tradition, which is fully apparent in both authors, produces remarkable theoretical problems. Their strong exposure to the influence of American pragmatism and the acceptance, especially by Jaeggi, of Helmuth Plessner’s anthropology of indeterminacy, leads to an excessive emphasis on intersubjective relations and to a too simplified view of the infrasubjective complexity of human individuality. The … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | 1 commento

Patologie del lavoro


Rahel Jaeggi

Humboldt Universität, Berlin
rahel.jaeggi@staff.hu-berlin.de

 
 
 
Abstract: Considering “pathologies of work” in the context of a historico-normative reconstruction of the meaning of work as social cooperation, the paper intends to establish a connection between a number of different problems. These include the continued existence of exploitation and alienation as well as the precariousness of work and long-term unemployment. Borrowing a phrase from Hegel, work is conceived as “sharing, participating or partaking in the universal resources of society”, where “resources” include wealth as well as competencies. e above-mentioned pathologies of work can then be understood as … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

La forma del potere. Immanenza e critica


Martin Saar

Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
saar@em.uni-frankfurt.de

 
 
 
Abstract: Foucault’s analysis of power is still a key topic in contemporary social-political discussions. Insofar as power is inherent in every field of society, it permeates and shapes every social relationship. Consequently, freedom, the possibility of action and subjectivity can no longer be conceived as independent of power and opposed to it, but rather they turn out to be intrinsically connected to power. The aim of this article is to show that Foucault’s analysis and critique of power (understood as a theory of the “multiple forms” and of … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Tra normativismo e naturalismo: Honneth sul concetto di “patologia sociale”


Arvi Särkelä

University of Lucerne
arvi.saerkelae@unilu.ch

Arto Laitinen

University of Tampere, UTA
arto.laitinen@uta.fi

 
 
 
Abstract: Axel Honneth has revitalized the notion of “social pathology” as a critical concept for social philosophy and Critical Theory; he has even defined the task of social philosophy in terms of pathology diagnosis and that of Critical Theory as a diagnosis and therapy of social pathology. Social philosophy is then oriented towards a “deeper” layer of reality, a “higher” order of wrongs or the “society itself”. This level, which marks the jurisdiction of a distinctively social philosophy, would not be reached … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Patologie della società e filosofia sociale: nuove prospettive dalla Finlandia


Corrado Piroddi

University of Jyväskylä / University of Tampere
copirodd@student.jyu.fi

 
 
 
Abstract: The main aim of the paper is to illustrate the distinctive features of the Finnish school of critical theory and social philosophy. In this respect, it will provide a concise description of the philosophical work of some of its members: Onni Hirvonen, Heikki Ikäheimo, Arto Laitinen and Arvi Särkelä. In the first part, we will try to describe the ways these scholars have reinterpreted Axel Honneth’s paradigm of recognition. In the second part, we will clarify how the Finnish theoreticians have discussed Honneth’s reflections … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Critica sociale e conoscenza


Emmanuel Renault

Université Paris-X Nanterre
e.renault@u-paris10.fr

 
 
 
Abstract: In the first generation of the Frankfurt School, critical theory was promoting a strong interconnection between social critique and knowledge of the social world. Just as Marx considered that a critique of capitalism was impossible without a systematic knowledge of its laws, transformations and contradictions, so too Horkheimer and Adorno were convinced that social critique should be grounded on social theory. It is simply a fact that in contemporary critical theory, such a conviction does not play a role anymore. Critical theory has not only subjected itself to … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Una materialità rimossa: recuperare il materialismo nella teoria del riconoscimento di Axel Honneth


Jean-Philippe Deranty

Macquarie University, Sydney
jp.deranty@mq.edu.au

 
 
 
Abstract: This paper attempts to accomplish two related tasks: a genealogical, exegetical one and a programmatic one. The genealogical reconstruction of Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition serves the aim of making a few propositions for the continuation of the project of a critical theory of society. The first task is guided by the purpose of highlighting the materialist background against which Axel Honneth’s ethics of recognition grew. The beginnings of the theory of recognition lie in the assumption that historical materialism could be salvaged if it was re-grounded in … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Teleologie senza Spirito? Sui deficit politici della filosofia della storia di Honneth

Download

Marco Solinas

Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa
marco.solinas@santannapisa.it

 
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to show that Honneth’s philosophy of history is teleological in a narrow sense. This teleological character is problematic for the theory of the struggle for recognition, for the conception of history as such, and for the methodology of the normative reconstruction. In particular, the teleological conception gives to the theory of recognition a historical form that points out a unilateral character. Furthermore, the teleological neo-Hegelian methodology of normative reconstruction seems to adopt a too stark trust in the progress of human societies faced … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Dalla critica ricostruttivo-immanente della modernità alla genealogia del neoliberalismo. Axel Honneth e i problemi di una teoria critica della società oggi


Giorgio Fazio

Università di Roma “La Sapienza”
giorgiofazio77@gmail.com

 
 
 
Abstract:The article reconstructs Axel Honneth’s attempt to reformulate the original model of immanent critique of the first generation of Frankfurt’s School. Moving from the lesson of Habermas, Honneth clarified the socio-theoretical, philosophical and political problems that underlied this model of social criticism, but he also defended it as a valid alternative to other models of social criticism, which are prevalent today. The attempt to reformulate an immanent critique of society leads in Freedom’s Right into the innovative methodology of normative reconstruction, on which is based the ambitious … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

Habermas, Honneth e il problema di una critica immanente del lavoro


Luca Micaloni

Università degli Studi RomaTre / Istituto italiano per gli studi filosofici
luca.micaloni@gmail.com

 
 
 
Abstract: This article offers a critical reconstruction of Axel Honneth’s arguments for an immanent critique of labour. After giving an outline of the significance, in regard to Honneth’s social theory, of two crucial distinctions set forth by Jürgen Habermas (namely, that between work and interaction and that between System and Lebenswelt), the Author shows how Honneth’s conception has shifted from the initial search for a ‘critical notion of labour’ focused on the characteristics of working activity to a critical view … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento

La passione della critica. Considerazioni dialettiche su patologie sociali, distopia e amore


Federica Gregoratto

St. Gallen Universität
federica.gregoratto@unisg.ch

 
 
 
Abstract: It seems that the idea of social pathology has recently become unavoidable, within the Frankfurter tradition of critical theory, to pinpoint the wrongs of the socio-historical present. In this article, I would like to frame this new keyword not as an absolute negative, which has to be conceptually sharply separated from the healthy state, but rather as a negative that serves as disruptive, and thus critical and transformative element in a social order conceived of in organicistic terms. The following considerations rely mostly upon Adorno’s dialectical method, which … Continua a leggere

Pubblicato in Monografica | Lascia un commento